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When does a technological or human-caused event become a disaster?

When does a technological or human-caused event become a disaster?

When does a technological or human-caused event become a disaster?

QUESTION
When does a technological or human-caused event become a disaster?
Name and describe the impact categories related to your disaster.
How well do you believe the United States is prepared for the disaster you chose?
Discuss the factors that can have an impact on the effects of a disaster on a community or region.
What nursing interventions should these victims prioritize?
What community resources should be made available to victims for follow-up care?
Provide evidence from scholarly sources to back up your answer.
When does a technological or human-caused event become a disaster?

ANSWER
When does a technological or human-caused event become a disaster?

According to the opening quote, Isaiah was one of the first disaster epidemiologists. The word “disaster” is derived from the Latin word astrum, which means “star.” The ancients believed that earthquakes, volcanoes, and other natural disasters were decreed by the heavens. Even today, we have little control over natural disasters, but we do have control over their consequences.

Disaster is defined by the American College of Emergency Physicians as “when the destructive effects of natural or man-made forces overwhelm a given area or community’s ability to meet the demand for health care.” It is defined by the World Health Organization as “a sudden ecological phenomenon of sufficient magnitude to necessitate external assistance.” In either case, disasters are defined by the effects they have on people.

Disasters are divided into 2 basic groups: natural and man-made. Earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, floods, and fires are examples of natural disasters. War, pollution, nuclear explosions, fires, hazardous materials exposures, explosions, and transportation accidents are examples of man-made disasters. Following the fall of the Soviet Union, the World Health Organization began using the term “complex humanitarian disaster” to refer to a specific type of man-made disaster: a combination of civil strife and conflict leading to a mass exodus of people and the events that follow, such as disease and property destruction. Recently, complex humanitarian disasters have occurred in Croatia, the Balkans, and Rwanda. Combination natural-man-made disasters are also possible, such as if an earthquake destroys a nuclear power plant.

We usually think of disasters as being acute, but they can also be chronic. The early 1990s famine in North Korea killed an estimated 2 million people. Love Canal’s chronic pollution was created over a period of 20 or 30 years, but it still constituted a disaster.

A major disaster occurs every day in the world, and natural disasters requiring international assistance occur every week. Disasters have been responsible for 3 million deaths and $50 billion in property losses over the last 20 years. With more people moving into disaster-prone areas, such as earthquake zones, flood plains, and coastal areas in the United States, the risk will rise in the coming years.

Surprisingly, when compared to Third World countries, the United States does not experience major disasters. Only six disasters in US history have had fatality rates greater than 1000 (Table), and only 10 to 15 disasters per year result in more than 40 injuries. The total number of deaths from US disasters from 1900 to 1967 is insignificant when compared to the 53,000 highway deaths in 1967 alone.

Discuss the factors that can have an impact on the effects of a disaster on a community or region.

Every year, both man-made and natural disasters affect millions of people. Explosions, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, and fires are examples of disasters. In a disaster, you risk death or serious bodily harm. You could also lose your home, belongings, and community. Such stressors put your emotional and physical health at risk.

Stress reactions following a disaster resemble those seen following any type of trauma. Disasters can elicit a wide range of emotional and physical responses. You may also react to problems that arise following the event, as well as triggers or reminders of the trauma.

Risk Factors
A number of factors increase the likelihood that someone will have more severe or long-lasting stress reactions following a disaster:

Exposure severity
The amount of time spent exposed to the disaster is strongly related to the risk of future mental problems. Those who are directly affected by the disaster are the most vulnerable. Then there are those who have had direct contact with victims. Those who only had indirect exposure, such as hearing about the severe damage, are at a lower risk of long-term consequences. Injury and life-threatening situations are the most common causes of mental health problems. The Armenian earthquake, mudslides in Mexico, and Hurricane Andrew in the United States have all been studied. According to the findings, at least half of these survivors are distressed or have mental health issues that require clinical care.

When does a technological or human-caused event become a disaster?

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