Vitamins and minerals are nutrients your body requires in small amounts to function properly. A varied and balanced diet should provide most people with all the necessary nutrients.
Vitamins are classified into two types: fat-soluble and water-soluble.
Fat-soluble vitamins are primarily found in fatty foods such as:
- Animal fats, such as butter and lard
- vegetable fats
- dairy products
- fatty fish
While your body requires these vitamins daily to function correctly, you do not need to consume them daily.
If your body does not require these vitamins immediately, it stores them in your liver and fatty tissues for later use. These stores can grow in size, so they are available when you need them. On the other hand, fat-soluble vitamins can be harmful if consumed in excess.
Fat-soluble vitamins include:
- A vitamin
- D vitamin
- E vitamin
- K vitamin
Because water-soluble vitamins are not stored in the body, you must consume them more frequently.
If you have more vitamins than you need, your body excretes them when you urinate. These vitamins are generally not harmful because they are not stored in the body.
Fruit, vegetables, and grains contain water-soluble vitamins. They can also be lost in the cooking water.
This means that cooking, particularly boiling, destroys many of these vitamins; rather than boiling these foods, steam or grill them to retain as many water-soluble vitamins as possible.
The following vitamins are water-soluble:
- C vitamin
- B-complex vitamins
- Fatty acid
Minerals are required for three primary reasons:
Constructing solid bones and teeth
regulating body fluids both inside and outside cells
Converting the food you consume into energy
Minerals in the form found in food are required.
Minerals can be found in foods like:
- cereals, as well as cereal products such as bread
- milk and dairy products
- Fruit and vegetables (especially dried fruit)
Calcium and iron are two essential minerals.
Trace elements, like vitamins and minerals, are essential nutrients your body requires to function correctly.
Trace elements can be found in trace amounts in various foods, including meat, fish, cereals, milk and dairy products, vegetables, and nuts.
Fluoride and iodine are two examples of trace elements.
The assignment must address the topic, at least 500 words. Minimum of 2 scholarly references in APA format within the last 5 years published. No plagiarism please.
Please, list two Vitamins and complete them below:
Mechanism of action
What to monitor