Vital Organs/ Unconscious State
Name some vital organs that aren’t vital organs.
List the functional descriptions of all normal vital organs, including the exceptions of today.
Is it possible to live without one of your vital organs? Why? Example?
Differentiate between assisting and replacing vital organs. Bioethical considerations.
Do the following practices help or replace the vital organ? Why?
Read and rewrite PART FIVE OF THE ERD Introduction.
Definition of the unconscious state
Clinical definitions of various levels of unconsciousness: Contrast and contrast
Bioethical analysis of benefit vs. burden.
Vital Organs/ Unconscious State
The human body is extremely tough. You lose approximately 3.5 trillion red blood cells when you donate a pint of blood, but your body quickly replaces them. You can even lose large portions of your vital organs and still live. People, for example, can live relatively normal lives with only half a brain). Other organs can be removed completely without having a significant impact on your life. Here are some examples of “non-vital organs.”
This organ is located on the left side of the abdomen, near the back, beneath the ribs. It is usually removed as a result of an injury. It is vulnerable to abdominal trauma because it is so close to the ribs. It is surrounded by a tissue-like capsule that easily tears, allowing blood to leak from the damaged spleen. It will kill you if you are not diagnosed and treated.
When you look inside the spleen, you’ll notice two distinct colors. A dark red with small pockets of white. These are related to the functions. The red is responsible for storing and recycling red blood cells, whereas the white is responsible for storing white cells and platelets.
You can live without a spleen with ease. This is due to the liver’s role in the recycling of red blood cells and their components. Similarly, other lymphoid tissues in the body aid the spleen’s immune function.
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The stomach has four major functions: mechanical digestion (contracting to break up food), chemical digestion (releasing acid to help chemically break up food), absorption, and secretion. As a result of cancer or trauma, the stomach is sometimes surgically removed. A British woman had to have her stomach removed in 2012 after consuming a cocktail containing liquid nitrogen.
When the stomach is removed, surgeons connect the oesophagus (gullet) to the small intestines directly. People who have made a full recovery can eat a normal diet while taking vitamin supplements.
Organs of reproduction
The testes and ovaries are the primary reproductive organs in both men and women. People can have children even if only one of these structures is functional.
Cancer or trauma, often as a result of violence, sports, or road traffic accidents, usually necessitate the removal of one or both. The uterus (womb) of females may also be removed. The hysterectomy procedure prevents women from having children and also stops the menstrual cycle in pre-menopausal women. According to research, women who have their ovaries removed do not have a lower life expectancy. Surprisingly, in some male populations, removing both testicles may increase life expectancy.
The colon (or large intestine) is a six-foot-long tube with four named sections: ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid. The primary functions are to resorb water and to compact feces. The presence of cancer or other diseases may necessitate the removal of some or all of the colon. Most patients recover well from this surgery, though they may notice a change in their bowel habits. To aid the healing process, a soft food diet is initially recommended.
The gallbladder is located on the upper-right side of the abdomen, just beneath the ribs, beneath the liver. Bile is something it stores. Bile is constantly produced by the liver to aid in fat digestion, but when it is not required for digestion, it is stored in the gallbladder.
Gallstones. Martin Shutterstock/Charles Hatch
When the intestines detect fat, a hormone is released, causing the gallbladder to contract and force bile into the intestines to aid in fat digestion. Excess cholesterol in bile, on the other hand, can form gallstones, which can clog the tiny pipes that transport bile. When this occurs, people may require gallbladder removal. The procedure is known as a cholecystectomy. In the United Kingdom, approximately 70,000 people undergo this procedure each year.
Many people have gallstones that do not cause any symptoms, but others do not. In 2015, an Indian woman set a world record by having 12,000 gallstones removed.
The appendix is a small worm-like structure located at the junction of the large and small bowels. Initially thought to be a vestige, it is now thought to play a role in acting as a “safe-house” for the good bacteria of the bowel, allowing them to repopulate when necessary.
Because of the appendix’s blind-ended nature, when intestinal contents enter it, it can be difficult for them to escape, causing it to become inflamed. This is known as appendicitis. The appendix must be surgically removed in severe cases.
However, just because your appendix has been removed does not mean it cannot return and cause you pain. In some cases, the stump of the appendix may not be completely removed, causing it to become inflamed again, resulting in “stumpitis.” People who have had their appendix removed report no changes in their lives.
Kidneys Although most people have two kidneys, you can live with just one – or even none (with the aid of dialysis). The kidneys’ function is to filter the blood in order to maintain water and electrolyte balance, as well as acid-base balance. It accomplishes this by acting like a sieve, retaining useful substances such as proteins, cells, and nutrients that the body requires. More importantly, it eliminates many things we don’t need by allowing them to pass through the sieve and exit the kidneys as urine.
People have their kidneys removed for a variety of reasons, including inherited conditions, drug and alcohol damage, and infection. When both kidneys fail, a person is placed on dialysis. There are two types of dialysis: haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. The first uses a machine containing dextrose solution to clean the blood, while the second uses a special catheter inserted into the abdomen to manually pass dextrose solution in and out. Both methods remove waste from the body.
If a person is placed on dialysis, their life expectancy is affected by a variety of factors, including the type of dialysis, gender, other diseases the person may have, and age. According to recent research, someone starting dialysis at the age of 20 can expect to live for 16-18 years, whereas someone in their 60s may only live for five years.