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The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies

The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies

The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies

QUESTION
Assignment: Literature Review: The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies
New technology—and the application of existing technology—only appears in healthcare settings after careful and significant research. The stakes are high, and new clinical systems need to offer evidence of positive impact on outcomes or efficiencies.
Nurse informaticists and healthcare leaders formulate clinical system strategies. As these strategies are often based on technology trends, informaticists and others have then benefited from consulting existing research to inform their thinking.
In this Assignment, you will review existing research focused on the application of clinical systems. After reviewing, you will summarize your findings.
To Prepare:
• Review the Resources and reflect on the impact of clinical systems on outcomes and efficiencies within the context of nursing practice and healthcare delivery.
• Conduct a search for recent (within the last 5 years) research focused on the application of clinical systems. The research should provide evidence to support the use of one type of clinical system to improve outcomes and/or efficiencies, such as “the use of personal health records or portals to support patients newly diagnosed with diabetes.”
• Identify and select 4 peer-reviewed research articles from your research.
The Assignment: (4 pages)
In a 4-page paper, synthesize the peer-reviewed research you reviewed. Format your Assignment as an Annotated Bibliography. Be sure to address the following:
• Identify the 4 peer-reviewed research articles you reviewed, citing each in APA format.
• Summarize each study, explaining the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described. Be specific and provide examples.
• In your conclusion, synthesize the findings from the 4 peer-reviewed research articles

Rubric

Excellent Good Fair Poor
In a 4- to 5-page paper, synthesize the peer-reviewed research you reviewed. Format your Assignment as an Annotated Bibliography. Be sure to address the following:

• Properly identify 4 peer-reviewed research articles you reviewed.
• Summarize each study, explaining the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described. Be specific and provide examples.
In your conclusion, synthesize the findings from the 4 peer-reviewed research articles. 77 (77%) – 85 (85%)
The responses accurately and clearly identify 4 peer-reviewed research articles for the Assignment.

The responses accurately and thoroughly summarize in detail each study reviewed, explaining in detail the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described.

Specific, accurate, and detailed examples are provided which fully support the responses. 68 (68%) – 76 (76%)
The responses identify 4 peer-reviewed research articles for the Assignment.

The responses summarize each study reviewed, explaining the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described.

Accurate examples are provided which support the responses provided. 60 (60%) – 67 (67%)
The responses vaguely or inaccurately identify 4 or less peer-reviewed articles for the Assignment.

The responses summarize each study reviewed, explaining the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described that is vague or inaccurate.

Examples provided to support the responses are vague or inaccurate. 0 (0%) – 59 (59%)
The responses vaguely and inaccurately identify less than 4 peer-reviewed articles for the Assignment, or are missing.

The responses vaguely and inaccurately summarize each study reviewed, explaining the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described, or are missing.

Examples provided to support the responses are vague and inaccurate, or are missing.
Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:

Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity. 4 (4%) – 4 (4%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time. 3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%- 79% of the time. 0 (0%) – 3 (3%)
Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time. Written Expression and Formatting - English writing standards: Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation 5 (5%) - 5 (5%) Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors. 4 (4%) - 4 (4%) Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. 3.5 (3.5%) - 3.5 (3.5%) Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. 0 (0%) - 3 (3%) Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding. Written Expression and Formatting - The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. 5 (5%) - 5 (5%) Uses correct APA format with no errors. 4 (4%) - 4 (4%) Contains a few (1-2) APA format errors. The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies

ANSWER
The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies

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The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies
As hospitals work towards increasing their efficiencies, accountability, and lowering cost of care, technology is one of the key areas that they consider attributed to its positive impacts. Technological advancements in the health care sector have played a key role towards increasing quality of care; hence, saving more lives. Therefore, this has prompted hospitals to adopt new systems aimed at enhancing their ability to advance the quality of care offered to patients. However, the adoption of such technologies does not occur instantly. Instead, technological adoption is a process that involves finding and testing the technologies identified to define their underlying benefits to the health care system. This paper aims at examining several peer-reviewed journals focusing on the adoption of new technology in the health care sector and present the findings in an objective manner.
Review of Selected Literature
The adoption of a centralized system that governs health care records is one of the ways through which to increase efficiency in health service delivery. Having a centralized system would mean that hospitals will make use of real-time communication; thus, ensuring that those involved in providing care have access to the right information. Cowie et al. (2017) engage in a study focused on evaluating the role of health records in the facilitation of health care research. The study stems from the understanding that health care records create an environment through which to ensure the quality of services is maximized. One such system that hospitals can use to increase their efficiency is electronic health records (EHRs), which are not only capable of enhancing the delivery of care but can promote operational efficiencies. EHRs are secure systems used to manage patient records, which limits the possibility of medical errors.
A report by the Institute of Medicine shows highlights the fast-paced adoption of technology in the health care sector with most stakeholders using this as an opportunity to improve patient outcomes. The main objective of integrating health information technology is to ensure that patients receive quality care that helps in the achievement of positive outcomes. The safety of patient is an important aspect in healthcare as it helps to deal with the negative effects associated with different health conditions. Considering that patient safety is an integral aspect in health care, the implementation of health information technologies helps to capitalize on quality and overcome any negative issue that may be faced by the patients. The adoption of the technologies in healthcare plays an integral role in enhancing the decision-making process. The outcome is that patient safety is enhanced significantly through reduced medical errors and enhanced clinical outcomes.
Alotaibi (2017) evaluates the importance of clinical information systems arguing that they not only help in the enhancement of quality but guarantee advanced efficiency levels based on the care patients receive. As hospitals experience an increase in the number of patients receiving care, one key area that they consider is how to ensure that the quality of care does not reduce. Bowles, Dykes, & Demiris (2015) note that use of clinical information systems ensures that those involved in providing care have access to accurate and reliable information that would minimize possible risks or inefficiencies. Existing legislations, passed by the federal and state governments, have set specific standards that technologies adopted in the health care sector should meet. The objective is to ensure that the technologies adopted are used by stakeholders in the health sector to solve healthcare-related problems, which guarantees an enhanced degree of care.
As the world goes through a digital revolution, health-related technologies are becoming handy in their capacity to address some of the underlying health challenges that physicians and caregivers encounter. Gupta-Wright & Manabe (2019) note that health-related technologies are changing the performance structure that governs how health professionals administer care to their patients while considering their varied needs and wants. When considering the case of EHR systems, what is most notable is that these systems establish a new way through which to define the connection between different health professionals involved in service delivery. For example, the systems have the capacity of displaying laboratory results, patient’s medical history, and radiology reports, among others. The objective is to create a new way through which to transmit such information between health professionals, which guarantees an improvement in quality outcomes.
Bowles, Dykes, & Demiris (2015) review data and studies relating to the continued technological shift in the health sector from where they reaffirm the position that many of the technologies adopted adhere to the relevant guidelines and meet the standard expectations in health care service delivery. On the other hand, the data evaluated shows that technological adoption is one of the ways through which to reduce the increasing costs of health care, which is becoming a major challenge for patients. Peeling (2015) notes that adoption of innovative technologies would act as one of the possible solutions to dealing with the cost challenges facing the health care sector, which are creating a negative perception among patients. The use of new communication systems guarantees faster service delivery for patients, which is critical to promoting patient safety; thus, reducing health care costs significantly.
The issue of cost can also be seen from the fact that a significant number of hospitals often experience long patient waiting time due to limited resources, such as personnel to handle patients. However, this is an issue that can be solved by using technology, which is likely to change how hospitals function as a way of enhancing their capacity to handle more patients. Gupta-Wright & Manabe (2019) examine the use of telemedicine, which is a technological approach that allows physicians to use advanced communication technologies to provide care to patients without requiring patients to come into hospitals physically. The adoption of such technologies is seen as one of the key steps to ensuring that hospitals increasing the capacities to provide care while guaranteeing that the quality and efficiency of care will not reduce. The long-term benefit of such technologies is that they would increase patient satisfaction levels significantly while creating a positive perception regarding the services expected in hospitals.
Conclusion
The continued adoption of technology in the health care sector is changing overall capacity for hospitals to provide care to their patients. Technological advancements in the health care sector have played a key role towards increasing quality of care. An example of a technology that has changed the structure of care in the health care sector is the electronic health records (EHRs). The technology creates a new front through which to increase efficiencies in care service delivery while creating a new approach through which to reduce medical errors. Regulation of these technologies is one of the key factors that guarantees that they meet the expected standards of care while considering their implications in overall service delivery.

References
Alotaibi, Y. K. (2017). The impact of health information technology on patient safety. Saudi Medical Journal, 12, 1173.
Bowles, K. H., Dykes, P., & Demiris, G. (2015). The use of health information technology to improve care and outcomes for older adults. Research in gerontological nursing, 8(1), 5–10.
Cowie, M. R., Blomster, J. I., Curtis, L. H., Duclaux, S., Ford, I., Fritz, F., Goldman, S., Janmohamed, S., Kreuzer, J., Leenay, M., Michel, A., Ong, S., Pell, J. P., Southworth, M. R., Stough, W. G., Thoenes, M., Zannad, F., & Zalewski, A. (2017). Electronic health records to facilitate clinical research. Clinical research in cardiology: official journal of the German Cardiac Society, 106(1), 1–9.
Gupta-Wright, A., & Manabe, Y. C. (2019). Implementation science: point-of-care diagnostics in HIV and tuberculosis. Clinical Medicine, 19(2), 145–148.
Peeling, R. W. (2015). Diagnostics in a digital age: an opportunity to strengthen health systems and improve health outcomes. International Health (1876-3413), 7(6), 384.

The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies

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