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Synopsis of eight peer-reviewed articles

Synopsis of eight peer-reviewed articles

Synopsis of eight peer-reviewed articles
QUESTION
For this assignment, the student will provide a synopsis of eight peer-reviewed articles from nursing journals using an evaluation table that determines the level and strength of evidence for each of the eight articles. The articles should be current within the last 5 years and closely relate to the PICOT statement developed earlier in this course. The articles may include quantitative research, descriptive analyses, longitudinal studies, or meta-analysis articles. A systematic review may be used to provide background information for the purpose or problem identified in the proposed capstone project. Use the “Literature Evaluation Table” resource to complete this assignment.
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
Synopsis of eight peer-reviewed articles

ANSWER
Literature Evaluation Table

Name
Institutional Affiliation
Course
Instructor’s Name
Date

Literature Evaluation Table
Student Name:
Change Topic (2-3 Sentences): The change topic selected for this evaluation is fall prevention in elderly patients, which seeks to examine some of the key strategies that health care facilities ought to put in place to minimize fall risks.
Criteria Article 1 Article 2 Article 3 Article 4
Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and
Permalink or Working Link to Access Article
Jonathan Howland, Holly Hackman, Alyssa Taylor, Kathleen O’Hara, James Liu, and John Brusch.
Older adult fall prevention practices among primary care providers at accountable care organizations: A pilot study.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205279
Karen H. Frith,
Amy N. Hunter,
Sharon S. Coffey, and Zaheer Khan.
A longitudinal fall prevention study for older adults.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2018.10.012
Jill Jin.
Prevention of falls in older adults.
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2679279
Edgar R. Vieira, Richard C. Palmer, and Paulo HM Chaves.
Prevention of falls in older people living in the community.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i1419

Article Title and Year Published
2018 2019 2018 2016
Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study
Low-tech, inexpensive, community-based fall prevention programs would play a key role in reducing fall risks among elderly patients when integrated into clinical practice.
The purpose of this article is to examine the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of adopting community-based approaches to deal with the rising cases of elderly patient falls. Engaging in exercises, reduced intake of medication, and home modifications are interventions to minimize falls. The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has provided guidelines that would be of value in minimizing risks of falls among older patients. Multifactorial, exercise based, tailored interventions are effective evidence-based approaches to deal with the rapidly increasing cases of older patient falls in community dwelling.
Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)
Qualitative Quantitative Quantitative Quantitative
Setting/Sample
A sample of 5 accountable care organizations (ACOs) was selected for this study Primary care setting Primary care setting Primary care setting
Methods: Intervention/Instruments
Survey/Questionnaire Survey N/A N/A
Analysis
The analysis used a six-point agreement/disagreement scale for each question. Descriptive analysis of data from primary care. Descriptive Meta-analysis
Key Findings
Despite their efficacy and potential for cost saving, community-based fall prevention programs have not been integrated into clinical practice. Increased exercising and reduced intake of medication may help to improve focus among elderly patients. Exercise and multifactorial interventions are some of the recommended approaches to improving overall capacity for older patients; thus, minimizing their risk of falls. Adoption of evidence-based interventions is most appropriate to minimize cases of older patient falls.
Recommendations
Health care facilities should consider shifting to community-based fall prevention programs. Facilities should recommended exercises for their patients and minimize the medications taken. Health facilities dealing with patients over 65 years ought to come up with structured mechanisms to ensure patients exercise effectively. Health providers need to make use of multifactorial, exercise based, and tailored interventions to improve their capacity to deal with the increasing patient falls.
Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project
The article supports the capstone project because it provides insight into community-based programs and their efficiency in preventing falls. The article supports the capstone by examining effective evidence-based fall prevention interventions. The article is important for the capstone because it evaluates some of the key interventions necessary. The article supports the capstone project through its discussion of evidence-based interventions.

Criteria Article 5 Article 6 Article 7 Article 8
Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and
Permalink or Working Link to Access Article
Ann Dellinger.
Older adult falls: Effective approaches to prevention.
https://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2Fs40719-017-0087-x
Jae Soon Yoo, Chul Gyu Kim, Jong Eun Yim, and Mi Yang Jeon.
Risk factors of repeated falls in the community dwelling old people.
https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1938086.043
Zhila Najafpour, Zahra Godarzi, Mohammad Arab, and Mehdi Yaseri.
Risk factors for falls in hospital in-patients: A prospective nested case control study.
https://doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2019.11
Małgorzata Gajos, Radosław Perkowski, Agnieszka Kujawska, Joanna Androsiuk, Joanna Wydra, and Karolina Filipska.
Physiotherapy methods in prevention of falls in elderly people.
https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs20161.92.102

Article Title and Year Published
2017 2019 2019 2016
Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study
Comprehensive fall prevention is not only practical but is also feasible when evidence-based strategies are adopted. Development of an algorithm to identify patients with the greatest risk of falls will help in minimizing possible risks. The study aims at examining the relationship between risk factors among fallers when compared with the control group. Psychological assessment of patients is one of the effective ways of identifying patients with the greatest risk of falls.
Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)
Quantitative Qualitative Qualitative Quantitative
Setting/Sample
Primary care setting One hundred fifty-seven community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years or older 185 patients in the case group and 1141
patients comprised the control group Primary care setting
Methods: Intervention/Instruments
N/A Survey/Questionnaire A prospective nested case control study N/A
Analysis
Descriptive Descriptive survey study Analysis done using Microsoft Excel and STATA version 11.0 Descriptive
Key Findings
Number of falls and implications would reduce significant depending on the evidence-based strategies adopted in primary care settings for older patients. Algorithms, and evaluation of a patient’s physical, psychological, and environmental factors may play a key role in minimizing overall risk of falls. A combination or patient-related factors and history of medication are key contributors to the increased number of cases involving falls among elderly patients. Evaluation of a patient’s psychological processes will help identify those with progressive weakness and failure of the motor system; thus, allowing for effective interventions to minimize possibility of falls.
Recommendations
Some of the evidence-based strategies to consider include multifactorial interventions, withdrawal of specific medications, strength and balance programs, vitamin D supplements, footwear, and home modifications. Health facilities ought to invest in the development of algorithms to guide their evidence-based approaches to deal with older patient falls. Evaluation of multiple patient characteristics will be of value in identifying those that face the highest risk of falls; thus, guiding prevention approaches. Health facilities ought to put in place strategic measures to guide how they conduct psychological analysis of their patients.
Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project
The article supports the capstone by providing an in-depth evaluation of the evidence-based strategies to consider to minimize risk of falls among older patients. The article examines key approaches to consider when dealing with falls. The article examines key approaches to consider when dealing with falls. The article examines key approaches to consider when dealing with falls.


References
Dellinger, A. (2017). Older adult falls: effective approaches to prevention. Current trauma reports, 3(2), 118-123. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2Fs40719-017-0087-x
Frith, K. H., Hunter, A. N., Coffey, S. S., & Khan, Z. (2019). A longitudinal fall prevention study for older adults. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 15(4), 295-300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2018.10.012
Gajos, M., Perkowski, R., Kujawska, A., Androsiuk, J., Wydra, J., & Filipska, K. (2016). Physiotherapy methods in prevention of falls in elderly people. Journal of Education Culture and Society, 7(1), 92-102. https://doi.org/10.15503/jecs20161.92.102
Howland, J., Hackman, H., Taylor, A., O’Hara, K., Liu, J., & Brusch, J. (2018). Older adult fall prevention practices among primary care providers at accountable care organizations: A pilot study. PLoS one, 13(10), e0205279. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205279
Jin, J. (2018). Prevention of falls in older adults. Jama, 319(16), 1734-1734. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2679279
Najafpour, Z., Godarzi, Z., Arab, M., & Yaseri, M. (2019). Risk factors for falls in hospital in-patients: a prospective nested case control study. International journal of health policy and management, 8(5), 300. https://doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2019.11
Vieira, E. R., Palmer, R. C., & Chaves, P. H. (2016). Prevention of falls in older people living in the community. Bmj, 353, i1419. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i1419
Yoo, J. S., Kim, C. G., Yim, J. E., & Jeon, M. Y. (2019). Risk factors of repeated falls in the community dwelling old people. Journal of exercise rehabilitation, 15(2), 275. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1938086.043

Synopsis of eight peer-reviewed articles

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