Ethical Issues In Research
Nursing research involves the study of patient outcomes, practice environments, and the role of nursing in research analysis. Nurses have an ethical responsibility to ensure that all research is done with integrity and respect. Nurses must recognize potential ethical issues when conducting or participating in research activities.
Nurses must adhere to ethical principles when analyzing data collected from practice-based studies, including informed consent and confidentiality. Informed consent is required by law in most countries before any healthcare interventions are carried out on a patient; this also applies to study participants in research settings. Additionally, researchers must take steps to protect the privacy of their participants, both during the study period and after it has ended. Nurses have an ethical responsibility to ensure that research is conducted safely and ethically. This means considering any potential risks the study poses, such as causing harm to participants or violating their rights. Additionally, it is important to consider the impact of data-sharing policies and how they could affect patient confidentiality.
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When conducting research activities, nurses should also be aware of other ethical considerations, such as research design and methodology. Research designs must be carefully planned to ensure the accuracy and validity of results, while appropriate methods must be employed to ensure reliability. Finally, researchers must respect all participants involved in the study by ensuring they are given complete information regarding the purpose of the study and its implications for them.
The role of nursing in research analysis for improving practice environments and patient outcomes cannot be understated. As you might be aware, research outcomes play a major role in evidence-based nursing practice. You will be formulating research questions; collecting, summarizing, and interpreting data; and understanding the elements of research design.
For this assessment, you develop a research proposal using the research question you developed by completing the Research Foundations worksheet. As you develop a research proposal, you must consider the ethical issues related to it.
Determine the ethical considerations related to the research question you developed as part of your Research Foundations worksheet.
Consider the 7 main principles of ethical research introduced in the learning activities section, Research Ethics Guidance (found at National Institutes of Health Patient Recruitment). Be sure to address the role cultural diversity might play in your research. The 7 main principles of ethical research are:
- Social and clinical value
- Scientific validity
- Fair subject selection
- Favorable risk-benefit ratio
- Independent review
- Informed consent
- Respect for potential and enrolled subjects
Summarize the ethical issues related to your research topic in one of the following formats:
- 18- to 20-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation
- The slides themselves should only contain essential information and as little text as possible. Do not design a slide presentation made up of long bullet points. Your speaker notes convey the details you would give if you were presenting. See the Create Speaker Notes section of the PowerPoint 2013 Training video.