Vital Organs/ Unconscious State
Vital organs are human body parts that play an important role in someone’s life. When vital organs stop working, the death process begins, and depending on the organ, an individual can die in five minutes or less (Cioffi, 2016). The heart, brain, lungs, two kidneys, and the entire stomach are all examples of vital organs. This paper investigates the vital organs of the human body.
Some body organs are vital, but they are not vital organs. The spleen, which has two parts, recycle red blood cells while the other stores white blood cells and platelets and is one of the non-vital organs in the human body (Cioffi, 2016). Other non-vital organs in the body include the gallbladder, appendix, and reproductive organs, among others. Although these organs are not considered vital, life would be difficult without them.
The brain’s function is to generate, transmit, and process nerve impulses, emotions, and physical sensations. The brain is the core of the body’s central nervous system. The medulla, which controls heart and lung function, is one of the organs’ significant areas. Other brain areas, such as the parietal lobe, help the body interpret pain and touch signals (Cioffi, 2016). The brain stem helps to control the heart rate, sleep, eat, and breathe. The heart is an essential organ in the human body because it is in charge of pumping blood throughout the body. The heart collaborates with the lungs to deliver oxygenated blood through the vessels and, thus, throughout the body.
Lungs filter the air we breathe by removing excess carbon dioxide and replacing it with oxygen. The liver is essential to the body, especially the metabolic system. The liver converts nutrients into usable constituents (Cioffi, 2016). The liver also filters blood and removes toxins from the digestive tract. Kidneys help to filter blood and remove waste from the body. After removing waste from the blood, the kidneys also produce urine. The pancreas secretes pancreatic juice, which contains enzymes that break down the body’s starches, sugars, and fats. The small intestines absorb all nutrients from foods into the bloodstream. The large intestine absorbs water and salt from undigested materials and eliminates any waste left behind.
Some vital organs, such as half a brain, one kidney, and one of the lungs, can be lived without. If the other organs in the body are functioning correctly, a human can survive for an extended time. These organs may be removed surgically if they risk someone’s life (Cioffi, 2016). For example, if a person’s kidney is removed, the other kidney can compensate and perform the necessary function in the human body. However, complications such as high blood pressure and proteinuria are possible.
Assisting vital organs is bioethically correct because it is a standard medical practice that may include clinically approved devices, procedures, and medications. These procedures are considered ordinary ways of supporting life in bioethics because they are necessary for keeping humans alive (Cioffi, 2016). On the contrary, replacing vital organs necessitates using more complex medical equipment and processes such as anesthesia and surgical procedures. Substituting procedures are considered extraordinary to support life, making morals mandatory in medical practice.
Dialysis is a method of assisting vital organs by performing some of the functions of the kidneys. It is required to sustain life when human kidney failure occurs, particularly when an individual loses approximately 80% of kidney functions (Cioffi, 2016). A respirator also helps the lungs filter and purify the air we breathe. Respirators shield people from potentially hazardous environments such as particulate matter, microorganisms, and fumes. Respirators vary in price depending on the wearer’s health (Cioffi, 2016). The ventilator’s primary function is to pump oxygen into the lungs while also assisting in removing carbon dioxide from the lungs. As a result, it aids the lungs for that purpose, and having one when needed is bioethically correct.
Tracheotomy is a substitute procedure because it involves making an opening in the neck to allow a tube into someone’s windpipe. To perform a tracheotomy, a person must be given general anesthesia, which causes them to fall asleep without feeling pain. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a life-saving technique used in near-drowning or heart attack situations. A person lying on their back helps the heart and lungs breathe and pump blood by performing compressions.
Vital Organs/ Unconscious State
- Name some very important organs that are not vital organs.
- List the functional description of all the normal vital organs, including today’s exceptions.
- Is it possible to live without a vital organ? Why? Example?
- Distinction between assisting or substituting vital organs. Bioethical analysis.
- Do the following practices assist or substitute the vital organ? Why?
- Read and summarize ERD PART FIVE Introduction.
- Unconscious state: Definition.
- Clinical definitions of different states of unconsciousness: Compare and contrast
- Benefit vs Burden: bioethical analysis.