Six Innovations That Revolutionized Nursing
Electronic IV management, first.
Before the invention of the electronic intravenous drip (IV) management system, a nurse had to provide an IV drip to a patient and then monitor them constantly to ensure the medication was not interrupted. Even the slightest patient movement could impact the IV. The only way to avoid a mistake was for the nurse to be there throughout the entire procedure, which took time away from the nurse’s ability to care for other patients or carry out other activities.
Nurses can start an IV with the help of electronic IV monitoring equipment, and the machine can finish the treatment. In the event of a problem, the system can remotely contact the nurse or automatically fix it.
2. Automatic blood pressure monitor
The automatic blood pressure cuff, or sphygmomanometer, assesses a patient’s heart rate. Caring for patients daily saves nurses time and effort, which they enjoy.
Nurses had to manually take blood pressure and heart rate using a hand-pumped cuff before the invention of the automatic blood pressure cuff. All that’s left to do is get the patient to sit motionless while they put their arm into the cuff. Automatic cuffs are quick, precise, and less likely to contain a human error.
3. A handheld defibrillator
Before the 20th century, manual CPR was the only technique to revive a patient whose heart had stopped. Afterward, William B. Kouwenhoven created the defibrillator in 1930.
Kouwenhoven researched how electricity affects the human heart while a student at John Hopkins University’s School of Engineering. He created an external gadget to jump-start the heart due to what he discovered. In 1947, Dr. Carl Beck saved a patient’s life by using a defibrillator.
After undergoing multiple modifications and improvements, the defibrillator eventually took on the contemporary form that people are familiar with. The most recent models, Automated External Defibrillators, or AEDs, can be found in many public locations, including shopping centers, airports, office buildings, community centers, and transit hubs. They come with thorough instructions on how to operate the gadget, and because they are so simple to use, even kids may contribute to saving lives.
4. Digital Health Records
The development of the electronic health record (EHR) system was another development that had a significant impact on the nursing sector. Before the invention of computers, medical records were manually maintained on paper and housed in long rows of filing cabinets—the storage of the records required entire rooms.
EHRs keep a patient’s medical information in one location while conserving space. Providers can make better decisions regarding the patient’s care thanks to the instant, secure access to records that medical offices and facilities have. For all required doctors to be involved in the patient’s treatment, physicians can also exchange data with other service providers or organizations, including labs, medical specialists, pharmacies, emergency facilities, and even school or workplace clinics.
5. Sonography and ultrasound
The treatment of expectant mothers and their unborn infants has been transformed by ultrasound. The breadth of prenatal care was constrained before the development of ultrasonography. Obstetrician Ian Donald and engineer Tom Brown created the first version of medical ultrasonography, which was utilized for clinical purposes for the first time in Glasgow in 1956. Their invention was modeled after a tool to find manufacturing faults in ships.
When performing medical procedures like needle biopsies, diagnosing conditions affecting numerous organs, including the liver, spleen, and bladder, and treating soft-tissue injuries, ultrasounds are employed for many duties.
Radio-Frequency Identification, sixth
In hospitals and other medical institutions today, radio-frequency identification (RFID) devices are utilized to track everything from drugs and equipment to patient records and, if necessary, the patients.
RFID technology employs electromagnetic fields to recognize and follow tags that include data stored electronically. The tags are frequently used to track pharmaceuticals from shipping to distribution and storage to prevent loss or theft. They are attached to goods deemed valuable enough to monitor.
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