Deafness, blindness, visual impairment, hearing impairment, and Deafblindness are all examples of sensory impairment.
Sensory impairment occurs when one of your senses, such as sight or hearing, is no longer functioning normally.
You have a visual impairment when your vision cannot be corrected with prescription glasses. If you have difficulty hearing or use a hearing aid, you have a hearing impairment.
To be sensory impaired, a person does not need to lose sense completely.
Deafness and hearing loss
A variety of factors can contribute to hearing loss. This could include:
Genetics, old age, noise exposure, and infections
complications during childbirth
ear trauma, certain medications, or toxins
Hearing loss can be temporary or permanent, affecting people of all ages.
People in their later years may experience gradual hearing loss. People with gradual hearing loss may notice things like difficulty hearing the TV or a conversation in a noisy environment.
In addition, viral infections of the inner ear can cause sudden hearing loss.
Another common side effect of hearing loss is ringing in the ears, which conditions like tinnitus can cause.
Visual impairment and blindness
Visual impairment, also known as low vision, is a severe loss of vision that cannot be corrected with standard glasses or contact lenses and limits a person’s ability to perform specific or all tasks.
A person can be classified as partially sighted or severely visually impaired (blind).
A variety of conditions can result in visual impairment or low vision, including:
cataracts, diabetes, glaucoma, genetic abnormalities, or an injury
age-related macular degeneration
Many people who live with vision impairment have varying degrees of vision loss. Some people can only distinguish between lights or shapes, while others may have blurred vision. Sight impairment can result in vision loss in the center of the eye or side vision. It can also make it difficult to see at night. Even if a person is registered blind, it is unusual for them to have no vision.
Eye strain and headaches are also common side effects of having low vision.
Dual sensory impairment or Deafblindness
Deafblindness is defined as the loss of sight and hearing to the point where communication, mobility, and access to information are hampered. This includes ‘progressive’ vision and hearing loss, in which your vision and hearing deteriorate over time. Deaf blindness is also known as ‘dual sensory loss’ or ‘dual sensory impairment.’
- Watch the first 2 minutes of a television show with the sound turned off. (e.g., the news report or a rerun of a situation comedy).
- In the discussion board, share observations and answer the following questions.
- Were perceptual differences noted? What implications do you think these differences have in working with clients who are have visual or auditory impairments?
- How frustrating was it for you to be sensory deprived? How did it make you feel?
- What did you learn about yourself from this exercise that you can apply to your nursing clinical practice?
See discussion board rubric for details. Minimium of 300 words. Respond to at least 2 other students with 100 words or more.
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