The sudden death of a seemingly healthy newborn younger than a year old, usually asleep, is known as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Because newborns frequently pass away in their cribs, SIDS is called crib death.
Although the exact reason why SIDS occurs is unknown, it seems that it may be linked to flaws in the area of a baby’s brain that regulates breathing and waking up from sleep.
Researchers have identified a few risk factors that may increase for infants. Additionally, you can take steps to shield your infant against SIDS. The most crucial step is to put your infant to sleep on their back.
An infant’s risk of SIDS may increase due to a confluence of physical and sleep-related environmental variables. These elements differ from one child to another.
SIDS physical risk factors include the following:
Brain damage. Some newborns are born with conditions that increase their risk of dying from SIDS. Many of these infants lack the necessary development in the part of the brain that regulates respiration and wakefulness from sleep.
Low weight at birth. A newborn’s brain may not have fully developed if they are born prematurely or as part of multiple births, in which case the kid will likely have less control over natural functions like breathing and heart rate.
Respiratory illness. A recent cold may have caused respiratory issues in many infants who died from SIDS.
environmental influences on sleep
A baby’s medical issues, the items in their crib, and how the child sleeps contribute to an increased risk of SIDS. Examples comprise:
Sleeping on one’s side or stomach. Babies in these positions might have more outstanding breathing issues than babies put to sleep on their backs.
Laying softly when you’re asleep. An infant’s airway might become blocked if they lie face down on a soft mattress, waterbed, or fluffy blanket.
A shared bed. While an infant’s risk of SIDS is reduced if they sleep in the same room as their parents, that risk rises if they share a bed with their parents, siblings, or pets.
Overheating. A baby’s risk of SIDS can increase if they are hot while sleeping.
Although any infant may experience sudden infant death syndrome, researchers have found several risk factors that may make a baby more susceptible. They consist of:
Sex. The risk of SIDS death is slightly higher in boys.
Age. Between the second and fourth months of life, infants are most susceptible.
Race. Neonates of color are more likely than white infants to experience SIDS for unknown causes.
Family background. Babies are more likely to die from SIDS if their siblings or cousins do.
Hand-to-hand tobacco. SIDS is more likely to occur in babies whose parents’ smoke.
Being too soon. Your kid is more likely to die from SIDS if they are both born prematurely and with low birth weight.
maternal risk elements
The mother’s pregnancy also has an impact on the baby’s risk of SIDS, particularly if she:
is under 20 and uses tobacco products
uses alcohol or drugs
has subpar prenatal care
Although there is no surefire way to stop SIDS, you can help your infant sleep more securely by using the following advice:
Return to bed. Every time you or anybody else puts the infant to sleep for the first year of life, place the baby on its back rather than on the stomach or a side. When your child is awake and able to roll over in both directions, this is not necessary.
Demand that your infant be put to sleep in the proper posture rather than assuming that others will do so. Inform babysitters and childcare professionals not to put a fussy infant in the stomach position to quiet them.
Keep the crib as empty as you can. Avoid putting your infant on plush, dense cushioning like lambskin or a thick comforter, and choose a firm mattress instead. Keep pillows, soft toys, and plush animals out of the cot. If your baby’s face touches them, they may obstruct respiration.
The baby shouldn’t be overheated. Try a sleep sack or other sleepwear that doesn’t require additional blankets to keep your infant warm. Keep your infant’s head uncovered.
Allow your infant to sleep in your room. For at least six months, preferably up to a year, your baby should sleep in your room with you alone in a crib, bassinet, or another device for infant sleep.
Infants shouldn’t sleep in adult beds. A newborn can suffocate or get stuck between the headboard slats, the mattress, the bed frame, or the mattress and the wall. Additionally, if a sleeping parent rolls over and covers the baby’s mouth and nose, the child may suffocate.
If you can, breastfeed your infant. The risk of SIDS is decreased by breastfeeding for at least six months.
Use caution while using baby monitors and other products that advertise a decreased risk of SIDS. Due to their inefficiency and safety concerns, the American Academy of Pediatrics discourages using monitors and other devices.
Provide a pacifier. At nap and nighttime, sucking on a pacifier without a strap or string may lower the risk of SIDS. One caution: if you’re breastfeeding, hold off on giving your child a pacifier until they are 3 to 4 weeks old, and you’ve established a nursing schedule.
Do not push the pacifier on your infant if they are not interested in it. On another day, try again. Don’t put the pacifier back in your baby’s mouth if it comes out while they are asleep.
Vaccinate your child. There is no proof that routine vaccinations raise the risk of SIDS. According to specific data, vaccinations can aid in the prevention of SIDS.
Topic: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
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