Planning For A New Informatics System
Planning is required for the management information system’s data for the various management levels. Before the system is built, all the report structures, information flow, storage, and capture, as well as its strategy, network, applications, and security, are planned and designed.
The steps of MIS development typically follow a stage-wise development method, with system planning first, then analysis and design, followed by coding, testing, and implementation. The order is occasionally changed, even if the general stages may be employed for most MIS development. Each MIS mentioned above development job is a challenging and thought-provoking series of operations needing technical and administrative expertise. In some of the activities, the system design is actively influenced by the users.
The system analyst and his team will typically handle most of the steps in creating the management information system. This is necessary since most line managers lack the managerial and technological understanding necessary for the development process.
The most important activity in the entire development process is likely planning for MIS. If carried out incorrectly, it is a task that could result in significant time and expense overruns during the development process. The planning process includes, among other things, matching an organization’s goals with those of the MIS. As the system will need to be pertinent to the company shortly, this activity calls for a strategic management perspective and a macro view of the demands and growth goals of the organization, among other abilities. The MIS will need to be revised if the organization outgrows it. Due to the time and financial costs involved, this should be avoided.
Development of information systems becomes simple if:
Supportive leadership and a cheery disposition
The current IS is sufficient.
The new IS’s goals are well-defined and good.
In such a situation, developing an IS is made simple, and the developed IS easily adds value and wins over employees. However, suppose any or all of the above factors are not in favor. In that case, i.e., management is not supportive or has a negative attitude towards IS, or if the objectives of the new IS are bad, or if the existing IS is inadequate, or if all of the factors are not in favor, then the IS development becomes very difficult. Before starting the process of planning information systems, these issues must be taken into account.
In an ideal world, the stages of development for information systems in an organization could be easily distinguished. However, this is not always possible. The following stages are involved in the development of an information system:
Planning is essential because, without it, the results will fall short of what is desired. Planning provides the system’s objectives in plain and unambiguous language so that the developer may conform to an established set of deliverables rather than a high-sounding statement that may mean little to him. Planning also enables logical methodology to be used during development rather than working in fits and starts. It guarantees user involvement, promotes greater acceptability, and improves the development process results. It results in a system that is evenly distributed from a managerial and technical standpoint.
Analysis is an activity of technical depiction of a system. Over the years, numerous methodologies have been created, of which structured and object-oriented analysis are most extensively utilized. The system is initially technically represented in this action or activity in abstract terms.
The design stage is where a system’s or entity’s model or representation is completed (in detail). It is predicated on the idea that the developer will be able to create a functional system that complies with all the design document requirements and satisfies the user. · It is an idea that has been adapted from other engineering disciplines, where the blueprint of a system or object that will be built later is initially written on paper or digitally to aid developers in conceptualizing the system and comprehending its requirements.
Coding is the process of actually writing the codes needed to create the application software following the standards established by the design document. The design specifications’ requirements drive the programming done at this point to develop the system. The design document is the limit of what the programmer can achieve.
Testing involves putting the system through its paces to determine whether the application complies with the established specifications and whether it can handle a real-world data load. Testing is also performed to fix any problems or mistakes in the code.
The implementation step is when the system is used within the organization. Due to the customization of the code required to incorporate context-specific information in the system, this procedure is frequently challenging.
Planning For A New Informatics System
Respond to the following question based on this weeks lesson and, if it’s relevant, include your own personal experience
- What strategies are used for initiating new information technology projects?
- What should be taken into consideration when selecting a new informatics system?
- Explain what interfacing, integration, and interoperability mean.