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(solved) Nutrition

(solved) Nutrition



A healthy and balanced diet is what nutrition is all about. Food and drink supply the energy and nutrients required for good health. Understanding these nutrition terms may help you make better food choices.

The amino acids

Proteins are constructed from amino acids. The body produces many amino acids, while others are obtained from food. Amino acids are absorbed into the bloodstream by the body via the small intestine. The blood then transports them throughout the body.


The amino acids

Proteins are constructed from amino acids. The body produces many amino acids, while others are obtained from food. Amino acids are absorbed into the bloodstream by the body via the small intestine. The blood then transports them throughout the body.



An energy unit in food. Food energy, or “calories,” is provided by carbohydrates, fats, protein, and alcohol in the foods and beverages we consume.



Carbohydrates are a significant type of nutrient. Carbohydrates are converted into glucose by your digestive system (blood sugar). This sugar is used by your body to provide energy to your cells, tissues, and organs. It stores any excess sugar in your liver and muscles for later use. Carbohydrates are classified into two types: simple and complex. Natural and added sugars are examples of simple carbohydrates. Whole grain bread and cereals, starchy vegetables, and legumes are examples of complex carbohydrates.



Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance found in all of the body’s cells. Your body requires cholesterol to produce hormones, vitamin D, and substances that aid digestion. Your body has all of the cholesterol it needs. However, cholesterol can also be found in some foods. High cholesterol levels in the blood can increase your risk of heart disease.



Dehydration occurs when you do not consume enough liquids to replace those you lose. Liquids can be lost through frequent urination, sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting. When dehydrated, your body lacks the necessary fluids and electrolytes to function properly.



What you eat and drink constitutes your diet. There are numerous diets, including vegetarian, weight loss, and diets for people with specific health issues.


Supplements for the Diet

A dietary supplement is a product you take to add to your diet. It includes one or more nutritional components (including vitamins, minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, and other substances). Supplements do not have to undergo the same testing for efficacy and safety as drugs.



Digestion is the process by which the body converts food into nutrients. The body uses nutrients for energy, growth, and cell repair.



Electrolytes are minerals that are found in bodily fluids. Sodium, potassium, magnesium, and chloride are among them. When you are dehydrated, your body lacks fluid and electrolytes.



Enzymes are proteins that accelerate chemical reactions in the body.


Fatty Acid

Fatty acid is fat that the body uses for energy and tissue development.



Fiber is a plant substance. Dietary fiber is the type you consume. It is a kind of carbohydrate. It’s also known as soluble fiber or insoluble fiber on food labels. Both have significant health benefits. Fiber makes you feel fuller faster and keeps you fuller for longer. This can aid in weight management. It aids digestion and prevents constipation.



Gluten is a protein in grains such as wheat, rye, and barley. It can also be found in vitamin and nutrient supplements, lip balms, and medications.


The Glycemic Index

The glycemic index (GI) assesses how quickly carbohydrate-containing food raises blood sugar levels.



HDL is an abbreviation for high-density lipoproteins. It is also referred to as “good” cholesterol. HDL is one of two lipoproteins that transport cholesterol throughout your body. It transports cholesterol from other parts of the body to the liver. Your liver is in charge of removing cholesterol from your body.



LDL is an abbreviation for low-density lipoproteins. It is also referred to as “bad” cholesterol. LDL is one of two lipoproteins that transport cholesterol throughout your body. A high LDL level causes cholesterol to build up in your arteries.



Metabolism is the process by which your body obtains or creates energy from food.


Monounsaturated fat

Avocados, canola oil, nuts, olives, olive oil, and seeds contain monounsaturated fat. Eating foods high in monounsaturated fat (or “healthy fat”) rather than saturated fat (like butter) may help lower cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. However, monounsaturated fat contains the same number of calories as other types of fat and, if consumed in excess, may contribute to weight gain.



Nutrients are chemical compounds found in food that the body uses to function correctly and stay healthy. Proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals are some examples.



This field of study focuses on foods and substances that aid in the growth and health of animals (and plants). Nutrition science also includes food-related behaviors and social factors. The foods we eat provide energy (calories) and nutrients such as protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamins, minerals, and water. Eating healthy foods in the right amounts provides your body with the energy it needs to perform daily activities, aids in maintaining healthy body weight, and may reduce your risk of certain diseases such as diabetes and heart disease.


Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid

At room temperature, polyunsaturated fat is a type of fat that is liquid. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are classified into two types: omega-6 and omega-3. Liquid vegetable oils containing omega-6 fatty acids include corn, safflower, and soybean. Plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids include canola oil, flaxseed, soybean oil, walnuts, fish, and shellfish.



Every living cell in the body contains protein. Protein is required by your body to build and maintain bones, muscles, and skin. Proteins are found in meat, dairy products, nuts, and certain grains and beans. Meat and other animal products contain complete proteins. This means they provide all of the amino acids that the body cannot produce on its own. Plant proteins are insufficient. To get all of the amino acids your body requires, you must combine different types of plant proteins. It would help to consume protein daily because your body does not store it like fats or carbohydrates.


Fat Saturated

Saturated fat is a solid type of fat at room temperature. Full-fat dairy products (such as butter, cheese, cream, regular ice cream, and whole milk), coconut oil, lard, palm oil, ready-to-eat meats, and the skin and fat of chicken and turkey, among other foods, contain saturated fat. Saturated fats have the same calories as different types of fat and, if consumed in excess, may contribute to weight gain. A high-saturated-fat diet raises blood cholesterol and increases the risk of heart disease.



Table salt contains the elements sodium and chlorine; salt’s technical name is sodium chloride. Your body requires sodium to function properly. It aids in the function of the nerves and muscles. It also aids in maintaining the proper fluid balance in your body.



Simple carbohydrates include sugars. They have a pleasant flavor. Sugars are naturally present in fruits, vegetables, milk, and milk products. They are also added to many foods and beverages during the preparation or processing. Glucose, fructose, and sucrose are examples of sugars. Sugar is broken down into glucose by your digestive system. Glucose provides energy to your cells.


Total Body Fat

Nutrients include fat. To stay healthy, you need a certain amount of fat in your diet, but not too much. Fats provide energy and aid in vitamin absorption. Dietary fat also has a significant impact on your cholesterol levels. Not all fats are created equal. It would help if you tried to limit your intake of saturated and trans fats.


The Trans Fat

Trans fat forms when liquid oils, such as shortening and some margarine, are converted into solid fats. It allows them to last longer without spoiling. It’s also in crackers, cookies, and snack foods. Trans fat raises LDL (bad) cholesterol while decreasing HDL (good) cholesterol.



Triglycerides are a type of fat that is found in the blood. A high intake of this type of fat may increase the risk of coronary artery disease, particularly in women.


Water Consumption

We must all drink water. The amount you require is determined by your size, activity level, and the weather in your area. Keeping track of your water consumption ensures that you get enough. Fluid intake includes both fluids consumed and fluids obtained through food.




Create 1 (one) Word Document or 1 (one) PDF file

Using literature that is 5 years old or newer explain the following concepts:

  • Resting energy expenditure (REE)
  • Basal metabolic rate (BMR)
  • Nutrient density
  • Nutrients
  • Choose My Plate Program

Use APA formatting, no more than 2 pages of body work

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