WHO ARE MICROBIOLOGISTS?
Virtually every process on Earth depends on microorganisms and what they do. Microbes are essential because they exist inside us, on us, and all around us. They have an impact on every part of our life.
Studying all living things that are too small to see with the naked eye is known as microbiology. This includes what are collectively referred to as “microbes,” bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, prions, protozoa, and algae. These bacteria are essential for biotechnology, biodegradation/biodeterioration, food spoilage, climate change, disease causation and control, and nutrient cycling. Microbes are helpful in various processes, including the creation of biofuels, the production of life-saving medications, the removal of pollution, and the production/processing of food and beverages.
Famous microbiologists like Jenner, who developed a vaccine against smallpox, Fleming, who discovered penicillin; and Marshall, who found a connection between Helicobacter pylori infection and stomach ulcers. And Zur Hausen, who found a link between the papillomavirus and cervical cancer, has made some of the most significant discoveries that have supported modern society.
Maintaining food, water, and energy security for healthy people on habitable earth are just a few of the many present global objectives and concerns that microbiology research has been and continues to be essential in addressing. Significant issues like “how diverse are life on Earth?” and “does life exist elsewhere in the Universe?” will also be helped by microbiology studies.
Research the historical findings of Alexander Fleming and the development of penicillin.
- In one or two paragraphs, share your findings about one of the most highly used antimicrobial drugs and the man who discovered it.