A series of illnesses known as diabetes mellitus alter how the body utilizes blood sugar (glucose). The cells that make up the muscles and tissues rely heavily on glucose as an energy source. It serves as the primary fuel for the brain.
Each form of diabetes has a different primary etiology. However, diabetes can result in excess sugar in the blood regardless of type. Serious health issues can result from an excess of sugar in the blood.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are chronic diabetes diseases. Diabetes disorders, including gestational diabetes and prediabetes, may be reversible. When blood sugar levels are more significant than usual, prediabetes develops. However, the blood sugar levels are not elevated enough to be classified as diabetes. Additionally, if no preventative measures are taken, prediabetes might become diabetes. During pregnancy, gestational diabetes can develop. However, it can disappear once the baby is born.
Blood sugar levels influence the severity of diabetes symptoms. Some people may not exhibit symptoms, particularly if they have type 2 diabetes or prediabetes. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes frequently appear suddenly and are more severe.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes can both cause the following symptoms:
Noticing a greater-than-normal thirst.
Weight loss without exerting effort.
Ketones are present in the urine. When insufficient insulin is available, muscle and fat are broken down, producing ketones.
Becoming worn out and fragile.
Irritated or experiencing other mood swings.
Having visual problems
and wounds that take a long time to heal.
Getting several infections, including vaginal, skin, and mouth infections.