IVF & NFP
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex set of procedures used to improve fertility, prevent genetic problems, and aid in childbirth.
During IVF, mature eggs are extracted from the ovaries and fertilized in a laboratory with sperm. The fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs (embryos) are then placed in the uterus. An entire IVF cycle takes about three weeks. When these steps are divided into sections, the process can take longer.
The most effective form of assisted reproductive technology is IVF. The procedure can be performed with the couple’s eggs and sperm. Alternatively, IVF may use eggs, sperm, or embryos from a known or anonymous donor. A gestational carrier, or someone with an embryo implanted in their uterus, may be used in some cases.
Many factors influence your chances of having a healthy baby through IVF, including your age and the cause of infertility. Furthermore, IVF can be time-consuming, costly, and invasive. IVF can result in a pregnancy with more than one fetus if more than one embryo is transferred to the uterus (multiple pregnancies).
The Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) is a home visiting program model that pairs low-income first-time mothers with maternal and child health nurses to promote healthy pregnancies, child development, and economic self-sufficiency. Nurses make 64 home visits to their clients for two and a half years, from pregnancy to the child’s second birthday.
Nurses are trained and educated to conduct home visits, including motivational interviews, education sessions, assessments, and goal setting. The training also includes step-by-step instructions for each visit. NFP nurses are encouraged to tailor these guidelines to their clients’ needs. In addition, nurses refer their clients to healthcare providers, childcare services, job training programs, and other community-based support services.
Research has shown that NFP improves prenatal health and school readiness, increases pregnancy spacing and maternal employment, and reduces subsequent pregnancies and childhood injuries.
IVF & NFP
After studying the course materials located on Module 4: Lecture Materials & Resources page, answer the following:
- Description and bioethical analysis of:
- Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis PGD
- Surrogate motherhood
- “Snowflake babies”
- Artificial insemination
- What is Natural Family Planning (NFP)?
- Describe the 3 Primary ovulation symptoms.
- Describe the 7 Secondary ovulation symptoms.
- Describe various protocols and methods available today.
- Describe some ways in which NFP is healthier than contraception.
- Bioethical evaluation of NFP as a means and as an end.
- Read and summarize ERD paragraphs #: 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 52.
- The work is to be clear and concise and students will lose points for improper grammar, punctuation, and misspelling.
- If references are used, please cite properly according to the current APA style.