Identify a vulnerable population or a community health issue
When it comes to improving health outcomes in a community, interventions should be targeted at vulnerable populations or community health issues. Identifying these populations and issues is the first step in creating an effective action plan incorporating evidence-based practice (EBP). Depending on the population or issue identified, strategies such as health technology, screening, outreach, referral, and follow-up are essential components of EBP that can help improve overall health outcomes in the community.
Health technology such as electronic medical records (EMRs) can provide patient data access, allowing for improved clinical decision-making. Additionally, EMRs allow multiple healthcare providers to view up-to-date information about each patient, regardless of the facility they visit. This helps to ensure that care is coordinated and more effective.
Screening can be used to identify health issues before they become serious, allowing for early intervention and improved outcomes. For example, screening tests such as mammograms, Pap smears, and colonoscopies can be used to detect certain forms of cancer in their early stages. Early detection gives patients access to treatments that may improve their overall prognosis.
Outreach programs such as public health campaigns can help spread awareness about the importance of preventive care and other health-related topics. These campaigns also provide an opportunity for healthcare providers to engage with the community on a deeper level by providing support and resources that are tailored to the specific needs of each population
Identify a vulnerable population or a community health issue and use what you have learned during this course using EBP to guide health technology, community resources, screening, outreach, referral and follow up to improve health outcomes in the community