A hydrocele (HI-drone-seel) is a type of scrotal swelling caused by fluid accumulation in the thin sheath surrounding a testicle. Hydrocele is common in newborns and usually resolves on its own by age one. A hydrocele can develop in older boys and adult men due to scrotal inflammation or injury.
A hydrocele is usually not painful or harmful and may not require treatment. However, consult your doctor to rule out other possibilities if you have scrotal swelling.
The only symptom of a hydrocele is usually a painless swelling of one or both testicles.
Adult men with hydrocele may be bothered by the heaviness of a swollen scrotum. The size of the inflammation generally causes more pain. The swelling may be more minor in the morning and more enormous later in the day.
When should you see a doctor?
Consult your doctor if you or your child has scrotal swelling. It is critical to rule out any other causes of swelling that may necessitate treatment. A hydrocele, for example, may be associated with a weak point in the abdominal wall that allows an intestine loop to extend into the scrotum (inguinal hernia).
A baby’s hydrocele usually resolves on its own. However, consult with your child’s doctor if your baby’s hydrocele does not disappear after a year or enlarges.
If you or your child experiences sudden, severe scrotal pain or swelling, seek medical attention immediately, mainly if it occurs within several hours of a scrotal injury. These signs and symptoms can be caused by various conditions, including a twisted testicle with blocked blood flow (testicular torsion). To save the testicle, testicular torsion must be treated within hours of the onset of symptoms.
6. Medications and treatment
7. Nursing intervention