Cirrhosis is a late stage of liver scarring (fibrosis) brought on by various liver disorders and conditions, including prolonged alcoholism and hepatitis.
Your liver strives to heal itself if it sustains damage from a disease, too much alcohol, or any other cause. Scar tissue is created during the process. Cirrhosis worsens as more scar tissue develops, making the liver’s ability to function difficult (decompensated cirrhosis). Life-threatening cirrhosis has advanced stages.
Cirrhosis usually leaves permanent liver damage that cannot be reversed. However, further harm can be prevented and, in rare cases, changed if liver cirrhosis is identified early and the cause is addressed.
Cirrhosis frequently goes undetected until there is severe liver damage. When they do, several symptoms and indicators could appear:
readily bruising or bleeding
swelling in the ankles, feet, or legs (edema)
Loss of weight
Skin and yellow eye discoloration (jaundice)
fluid buildup inside your abdomen (ascites)
Your skin has spider-like blood vessels.
Redness on the hands’ palms
Absence or absence of menstruation for women unrelated to menopause Loss of sex desire, gynecomastia, or testicular atrophy for men
Moodiness, confusion, and slurred speech (hepatic encephalopathy)
Cirrhosis can result from liver damage brought on by a variety of illnesses and situations.
Among the causes are:
Hepatitis C virus infection (hepatitis B, C, and D)
A buildup of fat in the liver (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease)
an accumulation of iron in the body (hemochromatosis)
Wilson’s illness is characterized by copper buildup in the liver.
Bile ducts with defects (biliary atresia)
a lack of alpha-1 antitrypsin
metabolic diseases of sugar that are inherited (galactosemia or glycogen storage disease)
gastrointestinal genetic disorder (Alagille syndrome)
liver illness brought on by the immunological system of your body (autoimmune hepatitis)
damage to the bile ducts (primary biliary cirrhosis)
Bile duct hardening and scarring (primary sclerosing cholangitis)
a disease like syphilis or brucellosis
medications, such as isoniazid or methotrexate
concept, classification, complications, risk factors, treatment and nursing considerations