Hematologic disorders are blood disorders that affect red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and the spleen. Children can suffer from a variety of disorders, some of which are inherited and others of which are acquired.
Your child’s spleen, lymphatic system, or blood vessels may be affected by hematologic disorders.
There are numerous causes of spleen problems. The spleen can become very large or stop working correctly, resulting in low platelet (thrombocytopenia) and blood counts (anemia).
Lymphatic conditions, such as lymphatic malformations, can produce many symptoms. Lymphatic malformations are benign masses caused by improperly formed lymph channels. They can grow in size and cause repeated infections if left untreated.
Vascular malformations and hemangiomas are non-cancerous tumors caused by abnormally formed blood vessels.
Various conditions can result from abnormally formed blood cells, including idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), sickle cell disease, and hereditary spherocytosis. These conditions can cause low blood counts (anemia) and low platelet counts (thrombocytopenia), as well as a variety of symptoms such as shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, pallor, lack of energy, and easy bruising.
Q. 1. A patient with a hematologic disorder asks you how the body forms blood cells. The nurse should describe a process that takes place in?
c) Bone marrow