Global Nutritional Deficiencies
7 Incredibly Common Nutrient Deficiencies
1. a lack of iron
Iron is a necessary mineral.
It’s a significant component of red blood cells, where it binds to hemoglobin to transport oxygen to your cells.
Dietary iron comes in two forms:
Iron heme. This type of iron is highly absorbable. It can only be found in animal foods, with red meat having the highest concentration.
Iron is non-heme. This type is more common and can be found in animal and plant foods. It is not as easily absorbed as heme iron.
2. a lack of iodine
Iodine is a mineral that is required for normal thyroid function and thyroid hormone production.
Thyroid hormones play a role in various bodily processes, including growth, brain development, and bone maintenance. They also control your metabolic rate.
One of the most common nutrient deficiencies, affecting nearly a third of the world’s population, is iodine deficiency.
An enlarged thyroid gland, also known as a goiter, is the most common symptom of iodine deficiency. It may also increase heart rate, cause shortness of breath, and cause weight gain.
3. a lack of vitamin D
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that acts in your body like a steroid hormone.
It circulates through your bloodstream and into cells, instructing them on whether to turn genes on or off. Almost every cell in your body has a vitamin D receptor.
When exposed to sunlight, your skin produces vitamin D from cholesterol. People who live far from the equator are at risk of deficiency unless their dietary intake is adequate or they supplement with vitamin D.
4. a lack of vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin also known as cobalamin.
It is required to form blood as well as brain and nerve function.
Every cell in your body requires B12 to function correctly, but your body cannot produce it. As a result, you must obtain it through food or supplements.
B12 is only in sufficient quantities in animal foods, though certain types of seaweed may contain small amounts. As a result, people who do not consume animal products are at a higher risk of deficiency.
5. a lack of calcium
Every cell in your body requires calcium. It mineralizes bones and teeth, especially during rapid growth periods. It is also essential for bone maintenance.
Calcium also functions as a signaling molecule. Your heart, muscles, and nerves would not be able to work without them.
Calcium levels in your blood are tightly controlled, and any excess is stored in your bones. If you don’t get enough calcium, your bones will release it.
As a result, osteoporosis, characterized by softer and more fragile bones, is the most common symptom of calcium deficiency.
6. a lack of vitamin A
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is required for good health. It aids in the formation and maintenance of healthy skin, teeth, bones, and cell membranes. It also produces eye pigments, which are required for vision.
There are two kinds of dietary vitamin A:
Vitamin A performed. This type of vitamin A can be found in meat, fish, poultry, and dairy products.
A provitamin. Plant-based foods like fruits and vegetables contain this type. The most common form is beta-carotene, which your body converts to vitamin A.
Magnesium deficiency is number seven.
Magnesium is an essential mineral in your body.
It is required for bone and tooth structure and participates in over 300 enzyme reactions.
Low magnesium intake and blood levels have been linked to several conditions, including type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, and osteoporosis.
Low levels are especially prevalent among hospitalized patients. According to some studies, 9-65% of them are deficient.
Disease, drug use, impaired digestive function, or insufficient magnesium intake can all lead to deficiency.
The most common symptoms of severe magnesium deficiency are irregular heartbeat, muscle cramps, restless leg syndrome, fatigue, and migraines.
Global Nutritional Deficiencies
- Compare and contrast global nutritional deficiencies, such as iron-deficiency anemia, niacin, vitamin A, vitamin B, iodine, and zinc micronutrient deficiencies.
- Relate the barriers to receiving mental health care as compared to physical health services, in both developed and developing countries and identify factors that result in client-centered services that are culturally appropriate and build on health and move an individual toward recovery.
- Based on the principles of toxicology – compare and contrast with examples what are sustainable and unsustainable developments.
Please submit one APA formatted presentation (PowerPoint®, Prezi®, etc.) of at least 5 slides per topic (15-20 slides total). Please add speaker notes. The assignment should have a minimum of four scholarly sources, in addition to the textbook.