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(solved) Classification Of Illness

(solved) Classification Of Illness

Classification Of Illness


Disease classifications become extremely important in compiling statistics on causes of illness (morbidity) and causes of death (mortality). It is essential to understand what types of illness and disease are prevalent in a given area and how these prevalence rates change over time. Classifying diseases revealed, for example, that lung cancer’s prevalence was increasing in the mid-20th century. It was once a rare type of cancer, but it has become the most common cancer in men. This information launched a search for possible causes of the increased prevalence. It was concluded that cigarette smoking was strongly linked to the development of lung cancer. Disease classification has aided in the discovery of a critical, frequent causal relationship.

The most commonly used disease classifications are (1) topographic, by bodily region or system, (2) anatomic, by organ or tissue, (3) physiological, by function or effect, (4) pathological, by the nature of the disease process, (5) etiologic (causal), (6) juristic, by the time of death, (7) epidemiological, and (8) statistical. A single disease may fall into several of these categories.

Diseases are divided into topographic categories such as gastrointestinal, vascular, abdominal, and chest. Following such topographic or systemic divisions, various medical specializations emerge, such as physicians, primarily vascular surgeons or clinicians specializing in gastrointestinal disease. Similarly, some physicians have specialized in chest disease and focus mainly on heart and lung diseases.


The disease is classified anatomically based on the specific organ or tissue affected; thus, heart disease, liver disease, and lung disease. Cardiology is a medical specialty that focuses on diseases of a single organ, in this case, the heart. This classification is most helpful in identifying the various types of diseases that affect a specific organ. Consider the heart as an example. The segregation of cardiac disease has revealed that heart disease is now the leading cause of death in the United States and most other industrialized countries. Furthermore, it has become clear that atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries is by far the most common type of heart disease. When diagnosing cardiac disease in an elderly patient, the cardiologist must first determine whether the disease of the coronary arteries is to blame for the heart’s inability to function normally.

The underlying functional derangement caused by a specific disorder is used to classify diseases physiologically. This classification includes terms like a respiratory and metabolic disease. Respiratory diseases interfere with the lungs’ intake and expulsion of air and the exchange of oxygen for carbon dioxide. Metabolic disorders are characterized by disruptions in the body’s chemical processes. Diabetes and gout are two such examples.

Pathological disease classification takes into account the nature of the disease process. Examples include neoplastic and inflammatory diseases. Neoplastic disease encompasses the entire spectrum of tumors, particularly cancers, and their impact on humans.

When the cause of a disease is known, it is used to classify it. This classification is essential and helpful when considering the biotic condition. The disease could be classified as staphylococcal, rickettsial, or fungal, for example. It is critical to understand, for example, what types of diseases staphylococci cause in humans. They are well known for causing skin infections and pneumonia, but it is also important to note how frequently they cause meningitis, liver abscesses, and kidney infections. Syphilis and gonorrhea are two more sexually transmitted diseases classified by etiology.

Classification Of Illness


Classification Of Illness

Writing assigment

APA Style format/writing

4 Pages: Page 1-cover page, Page 2 & 3-content, Page 4-Refrences

Minimum of 1 reference

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