Your breast tissue is the starting point of breast cancer. A tissue mass is produced when breast cells mutation (alter) and grow out of control (tumor). Breast cancer can spread to the tissue surrounding your breast, just as other types of cancer. Additionally, it might spread to other areas of your body and develop new tumors. Metastasis is the medical term for this.
Who is the target audience for breast cancer?
The second most frequent malignancy in women after skin cancer is breast cancer. Over-50-year-old women are the ones most likely to be affected.
Although uncommon, breast cancer can also strike men. Male breast cancer affects about 2,600 males annually in the US, accounting for fewer than 1% of total cases.
Compared to cisgender men, transgender women are more likely to acquire breast cancer. In addition, compared to cisgender women, transgender men had a lower risk of breast cancer.
What is the average age of breast cancer?
Although it can happen at any age, breast cancer is most frequently discovered in adults over 50.
Which racial group is breast cancer most prevalent in?
Compared to women of all other races or ethnicities, non-Hispanic white women have a somewhat increased risk of acquiring breast cancer. Non-Hispanic Black women had approximately the same risk of developing the condition as non-Hispanic White women. According to statistics, women who identify as Asian, Hispanic, or Native American had a lower risk of developing breast cancer.
Breast cancer incidence rates?
After lung cancer, breast cancer is the second most common cancer among women in the US. It also ranks first among cancer-related deaths in women aged 35 to 54.
What variations of breast cancer are there?
Breast cancer comes in a variety of forms, including:
Invasive (infiltrating) ductal carcinoma. This cancer begins in your breast’s milk ducts, penetrates the duct wall, and then spreads to the breast tissue nearby. This is the most prevalent breast cancer, accounting for around 80% of all occurrences.
In situ ductal carcinoma. Some regarded ductal carcinoma in situ, also known as Stage 0 breast cancer, as precancerous because the cells have not moved past your milk ducts. This illness is remarkably curable. Immediate treatment is required to stop cancer from becoming invasive and spreading to other tissues.
Invasive (infiltrating) lobular cancer. Your breast’s lobules, where breast milk is produced, are the origin of this malignancy, which has since migrated to nearby breast tissue. 10% to 15% of breast cancers are caused by it.
Breast lobules with abnormal cells are known as lobular carcinoma in situ, a precancerous disease. Although it is not genuine cancer, this sign may indicate a later risk of breast cancer. Therefore, it is crucial for women with lobular carcinoma in situ to get routine mammograms and clinical breast exams.
Breast cancer with three negatives (TNBC). Triple-negative breast cancer, which accounts for 15% of all cases, is one of the hardest breast cancers to cure. Because it lacks three indicators linked to other types of breast cancer, it is known as triple-negative breast cancer. This makes diagnosis and therapy challenging.
Breast cancer is inflammatory. This kind of cancer is uncommon and severe, and it seems infectious. Redness, swelling, pitting, and dimpling of the breast skin are typical symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer. It is brought on by obstructive cancer cells in the lymphatic passages under the skin.
The breast illness Paget’s Your nipple and areola’s skin are both affected by this cancer (the skin around your nipple).
Can cancer develop in the breast’s other tissues?
In most cases, when we refer to “breast cancer,” we mean tumors that develop in milk ducts or lobules. Other breast regions are also susceptible to developing cancer, though less frequently. These may consist of the following:
Angiosarcoma. This uncommon cancer starts in the cells lining blood arteries or lymphatic vessels.
Tumors with phyllodes. Phyllodes tumors, which begin in the connective tissue, are uncommon. They are often benign (noncancerous), but occasionally they can be malignant (cancerous).
What are breast cancer’s early warning signs?
Everybody’s breast cancer symptoms are unique. Breast cancer warning signals include:
A change in your breast’s size, shape, or contour.
A lump or bulk that might feel pea-sized.
A lump or thickening that lasts the whole of your menstrual cycle in or around your breast or underarm.
A change in the texture or appearance of your breast or nipple skin (dimpled, puckered, scaly, or inflamed).
Skin that is red on your breasts or nipples.
A region on either breast that stands out as being very different from the others.
A firm region under your skin that resembles marble.
A clear or blood-colored discharge from your nipple.
Some people never detect any breast cancer symptoms. Regular mammograms are crucial for this reason.
Why does breast cancer occur?
When abnormal cells in your breast proliferate and grow, breast cancer develops. However, specialists are unsure of the precise trigger for this process to start in the first place.
However, according to a study, several risk factors could raise your risk of having breast cancer. These consist of the following:
Age. Your risk of breast cancer rises if you are 55 or older.
Sex. Breast cancer is far more common in women than in men.
Genealogy and genetics. You have a higher chance of getting breast cancer at some point in your life if your parents, siblings, children, or other close relatives have one. Genetic testing reveals that 5% to 10% of breast cancers are caused by a single faulty gene handed down from parents to children.
Smoking. Breast cancer is one of the many cancers that tobacco usage has been related to.
Using alcohol. According to research, drinking alcohol may make you more likely to get particular types of breast cancer.
Obesity. Obesity can raise your risk of developing breast cancer and having it return.
Radiation exposure You are more likely to get breast cancer if you have previously undergone radiation therapy, especially to the head, neck, or chest.
Replacement hormone treatment Utilizers of hormone replacement treatment (HRT) are more likely to get breast cancer.
Numerous more variables can raise your risk of acquiring breast cancer. Find out if you are in danger by speaking with your healthcare practitioner.
DISCUSSION 1 – Creation of a health promotion initiative to improve health indicators for “BREAST CANCER”. This activity is focusing on your creativity, analysis of facts, organization and leadership qualities. Be concise but comprehensive in your ideas.
MAP-IT stands for:
Using MAP-IT framework determine how you may:
- Mobilize resources and stakeholders to take care of the selected health problem in your community, determining mission and vision of the resulted coalition, defining partners, their roles and meeting plans.
- Asses the problem, including a realistic long-term goal, how you may collect data to determine your needs and priorities logically organized
- Plan objectives and steps to achieve them. Consider opportunities for interventions with broad reach and impact. How may you measure your progress? What is expected to change, by how much, and by when? Choose objectives that are challenging yet realistic.
- Implement. Create a detailed work plan that includes concrete action steps assigned to specific people with clear deadlines and/or timelines. Share responsibilities across coalition members but consider having a single point of contact to manage the process to ensure that things get done. Check in with coalition members by using the Coalition Self-Assessment to see if your process is running smoothly. Develop a simple communication plan. Use kick-off events, activities, or campus meetings to showcase your coalition’s accomplishments.
- Track. Plan regular evaluations to measure and track your progress over time. Evaluations can help your coalition determine if your plan has been effective in achieving your goals. Be mindful of limitations of self-reported data, data quality, data validity, and reliability. Partnering with a statistician or researcher at your institution can help you conduct a quality evaluation. You can use these basic formulas to calculate baseline, target, and achieved rates for your selected health outcomes.
-1 PAGE, 350 words minimum no less, BE CONCISE AND COMPREHENSIVE IN THE ANSWERS
– PLEASE ANSWER BY STEP ABOVE MENTIONED: MOBILIZE, ASSESS, PLAN, IMPLEMENT AND TRACK, GO IN ORDER
-2-3 REFERENCES NO OLDER THAN 5 YEARS
– PLEASE INCLUDE IN TEXT CITATIONS