Bioethics is an ethical discipline that deals with moral issues that arise in medicine and the pursuit of biomedical research. Physicians may face ethical difficulties regularly in their relationships with patients and in institutional and societal decisions about health care policy. Ethical problem-solving necessitates applying specific ethical rules and principles to specific situations. Although ethical theories differ, certain rules and principles appear consistent. These are examples of nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect for individual autonomy, confidentiality, and justice. Informed consent, do-not-resuscitate orders, non-initiation and termination of medical therapy, genetic intervention, allocation of scarce health resources, and infection with the human immunodeficiency virus are some ethical issues that arise in clinical practice (HIV).
Some of these issues necessitate ethical considerations at the bedside, while others necessitate broader physician involvement. Perspectives on various ethical issues are presented; however, definitive answers to these ethical quandaries are not provided. The interpretation of ethical principles and their application to each clinical situation necessitates the practitioner’s careful attention.
- Explain the following concepts:
- Asexual – sexual reproduction.
- Mitosis – Meiosis
- Diploid – Haploid
- Embryo – Fetus
- Explain fertilization process from cellular level to fetus (as per video time 1:08:00)
- After learning about fertilization process, and according to nature and objectively, and scientifically speaking, when does human life begin? Why?
- Read and summarize Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Care Services (ERD) PART FOUR Introduction.