Autism Spectrum Disorder
Variations in the brain bring on developmental impairment, an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). People with ASD may struggle with confined or repetitive activities or interests, as well as social communication and engagement. Additionally, people with ASD may learn, move, or pay attention in various ways. It is crucial to remember that some individuals without ASD may also experience some of these symptoms. However, these traits can make life very difficult for those with ASD.
For those with ASD, developing social communication and interpersonal skills might be difficult.
Examples of social interaction and communication traits connected to ASD include
Eschews or breaks eye contact,
does not respond to names by the age of nine months
does not display joyful, sad, angry, or astonished facial expressions for nine months.
not engaging in simple interactive games like pat-a-cake by the period of 12 months
By the period of one year, makes few or no gestures (for example, does not wave goodbye)
by the period of 15 months, does not share interests with others (for example, shows you an object that they like)
by the period of 18 months, does not point to show you something intriguing.
At the age of 24 months, does not recognize when others are harmed or unhappy.
By 36 months, does not observe or engage in play with other children.
At the age of 48 months, does not pretend to be someone else during play, such as a teacher or a superhero.
not perform for you in song, dance, or acting by the age of 60 months
Behaviors or Interests that are Restricted or Repetitive
People with ASD can exhibit peculiar habits or hobbies. ASD differs from conditions only characterized by issues with social interaction and communication by virtue of these behaviors or interests.
Examples of restricted or repetitive ASD-related activities and interests include
Sets toys or other items in a line and becomes agitated when the order is disturbed. Repeats words or phrases repeatedly (called echolalia)
uses the same playstyle with toys every time.
is concentrated on object components (for example, wheels)
upset by even little changes
must adhere to specified procedures
flapping hands, rocking the body, or circling oneself
demonstrates unique reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, sights, or feelings
Most people with ASD also exhibit other similar traits. These could consist of
delayed linguistic abilities
talents for moving slowly
delayed abilities in learning or thinking
Inattentive, impulsive, or hyperactive behavior
a seizure or epilepsy disorder
unusual patterns of eating and sleeping
digestive disorders (for example, constipation)
unusual emotional or mood swings
excessive concern, tension, or anxiety
Lack of fear or unexpectedly high levels of fear