Your assignment is just a click away

We have the best writers

We guarantee you plagiarism free, well formatted, grad A+ papers!



Two-week-old Tabitha has infant respiratory distress syndrome. Eighty-year-old Anthony has emphysema, and 50-year-old Jenny has pulmonary fibrosis.

Why are the mechanics of breathing greatly compromised in all of these cases?



Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Course Name and Number
Instructor’s Name

Diseases of the respiratory system are common globally, with some being specific to a particular age group. Certain factors within a particular age group predispose one to an increased risk of developing specific respiratory conditions. In the case study, the different age groups are affected by other respiratory diseases, which can be attributed to particular compromise in the normal breathing mechanics.
Two-week-old Tabitha suffers from infant respiratory distress syndrome due to inadequate surfactant in the lungs. Surfactants help maintain surface tension, which is critical in keeping the alveoli open to enhance gaseous exchange. Babies born especially before term have reduced surfactants. This, therefore, results in loss of surface tension, resulting in the collapse of the alveoli and increased work of breathing to maintain gaseous exchange, resulting in respiratory distress (Amigoni et al., 2017).
The eighty-year-old Anthony has emphysema, which is an obstructive lung condition. It occurs when the lung loses its elasticity, causing overinflation during inhalation. The overstretching is associated with damage to the alveolar wall, reducing the surface area for gaseous exchange (Pahal et al., 2018). This limits the amount of oxygen reaching the blood and other body organs. There is also reduced alveoli clearance during exhalation, leaving no room for fresh air to occupy the alveoli to participate in gaseous exchange. The condition commonly occurs with bronchitis, making up chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Pahal et al., 2018). The patient, therefore, experiences difficulty and shortness of breath, which is characteristic of emphysema.
Lastly, the 50-year-old Jenny has pulmonary fibrosis, which is a restrictive lung disease. This is associated with scarring, which could be due to chronic inflammation. The associated scarring increases the stiffness of the lungs, making it difficult for them to work appropriately (Lederer & Martinez, 2018). Therefore, this results in shortness of breath and, in more severe cases, death unless interventions such as lung transplants are made.

Amigoni, A., Pettenazzo, A., Stritoni, V., & Circelli, M. (2017). Surfactants in acute respiratory distress syndrome in infants and children: past, present, and future. Clinical drug investigation, 37(8), 729-736.
Lederer, D. J., & Martinez, F. J. (2018). Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. New England Journal of Medicine, 378(19), 1811-1823.
Pahal, P., Avula, A., & Sharma, S. (2018). Emphysema.


Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Nursing Solved only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed of papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Nursing Solved are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Nursing Solved is known for timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit in all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Nursing Solved we have put in place a team of experts who answer to all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.