Traumatic events accompany our everyday life in the form of painful subjective losses and wounding: It may be the loss of a home pet, the loss of a job, robbery, a car accident, natural disasters, severe illness, the death of a beloved person, emotional neglect and abuse, betrayal, bullying, sexual abuse, rape, an earthquake, war, a terrorist attack.
Some of them will be able to overcome this experience; some will be severely affected in the long term. Relevant studies indicate that about 7% of Americans have a prevalence of developing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) at some point in their lives. According to statistical data, men are more often exposed to traumatic events than women, but women are more likely to suffer from PTSD.
Recent respective research findings in Neuroscience unfold a scientific breakthrough in understanding the neurobiology of psychological trauma and its immediate and long-term consequences. They hopefully identify essential treatment options by shedding light on the connection between biological processes and human experience and behavior when trauma occurs. Due to the extensiveness and complexity of PTSD, we have concentrated our elaboration mostly on drawing upon meta-analysis studies as a source. A combination of medication and psychotherapy is suggested for the treatment of PTSD. Body awareness studies are promising. As scientists and clinicians, we must develop methods of treating a disease as a personal experience of a global phenomenon. The traumatic experience remains a unique story to be told.
- Explain the neurobiological basis for PTSD
- Apply assessment and diagnostic reasoning skills to clients presenting with posttraumatic stress disorder
- Recommend therapeutic approaches for treating clients presenting with posttraumatic stress disorder
- Analyze the importance of using evidence-based psychotherapy treatments for clients with posttraumatic stress disorder