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Positive Psychology

Positive Psychology

Positive Psychology

Read the following article:

Krentzman, A. R. (2013). Review of the application of positive psychology to substance use, addiction, and recovery research. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27(1), 151-165. doi:10.1037/a0029897
After reading the article, answer the following questions:

1. How do the results of this article impact your understanding of addiction?

2. What did you learn about addiction from this article? How can you use this information in your future profession?

3. How does the information presented in this study align with the research on the causes of addiction presented in the text?

Assignment Expectations:

Length: 300 words per question (minimum 900 total); answers must thoroughly address each question in a clear, concise manner (typically 3 pages)
Positive Psychology

Positive Psychology
Positive Psychology is a discipline that deals with positive subjective experience, individual attributes, and positive institutions to improve the well-being and quality of life. The concept is mainly about the psychological sensations of wellbeing, happiness and satisfaction, valued across one’s lifetime. Individually the concept deals with personality attributes, civic qualities and institutions which help them become better citizens (Seligman., 2019). This paper reviews a research article that reviews the application of positive psychology to Substance use, Addiction, Recovery and Research, which will provide insight into the discipline.
Impact of findings on the understanding of addiction
The study conducted identified that smokers are happier than those who do not involve themselves in the smoking habit of former smokers on the measure of happiness and negative affect. The finding suggests that quitting the trait subjects’ individuals to an emotional expansion that elicits both happiness and negative affect more completely than when smoking. A research study on drinking also explores the association of pleasure towards drinking and the effect of alcoholism that helps individuals cope with an emotional feeling. The finding suggests that drinking to cope with emotional turmoil and difficulties reduces the positive effect and increases negative effects related to controlling factors of age and personality. Addiction about the spiritual dimension research at Alcohol Anonymous also identified the element as a significant mediator in approaching individuals with substance abuse which impacts positive feelings towards addiction traits, promoting recovery. Therefore, it is implicit that spiritual qualities are subject to good emotional effects towards individuals willing to recover from addiction. The findings associate addiction to substance abuse as a contributor to the psychological elements involving personal satisfaction and dissatisfaction about subjective feelings.
The research discovered phenomena involving the growth of specialised mutual aid recovery groups. The groups were all aimed at recovery for individualised addictions. The groups identified include Alcohol Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, Women for Sobriety and Celebrate Recovery. The finding is implicit in the effect of substance abuse among the population and a need for recovery to enhance an improved societal view (Powers, 2013). The movements also have a significant impact on addiction therapy through recovery management. The management is an intervention approach with a continuity of care approach, which entails early identification of the habitual trait in an individual, which causes the addiction to advance even after recovery and treatment discharge to enhance outcome.
Addiction about positive psychology
The conceptual framework of Positive Psychology offers insight into addiction through the various kinds of life, i.e. The pleasant life, The engaged life and meaningful life (Krentzman, 2013). The pleasant life concept can describe the happiness subjected to human experience from the past, present or future. The psychological attribute is Somatic Pleasure, associated with addiction’s instantaneous though transitory sensory pleasures. Alcoholic and substance abuse is highly associated with pleasure-inducing addiction. Theorists suggest that there is an intended consequence towards happiness gained effortlessly. The pleasurable traits that require less effort are recurrent, forming a habitual trend that is difficult to depart from, thus addiction.
The Engaged life concept of positive psychology addresses qualities linked with positive attributes. The attributes include character strength and the moral nature of an individual. The concept describes addiction as the decline or loss of the basic competencies of character (Krentzman, 2013). A deviation is identified towards substance abuse, identified through behavioural milestones leading towards recovery and management of addiction. The deviations identified can be described as gradual personal changes from good character. The meaningful life concept describes an existence that entitles service to others as productive society members (Swaby, 20170. Society enhances the development of character in individuals affecting psychological affect. In defining and understanding addiction, the social environment is implicit towards shaping outcomes for individuals, i.e. conditions that lead to a stressful life associated with substance abuse, which fosters addiction. Positive service to society through incorporating occupational and educational engagement offers an effective component of addiction recovery.
In the study, positive psychology provides a broad definition of addiction as a character description of a recurring behaviour that can be detrimental or good (Krentzman, 2013). According to research, positive psychology and the recovery movement have been identified as leading predictors of addiction in drug usage through character strengths, theoretical propositions, positive therapies, and emotional emotions. The text promotes drug addiction prevention and intervention indirectly through positive psychology and recovery movements.
Causes of Addiction relating Positive Psychology
The information aligns with concurrent studies focusing on causal agents of addiction through various viewpoints. First, the character strength of an individual holds a dynamic in processing attitudes that may influence addiction. Curiosity subjectively is a causal agent of addiction, similar to seeking sensation. The character trait has been identified as a major factor for substance abuse through absorption and exploration. The character trait is also subject to other virtues of wisdom and amazement. When an individual identifies the pleasure obtained from substance abuse, the individual is subject to the yearning of amazement (Krentzman, 2013). The consequential cause is the decreased perception hindering individual or interpersonal efforts to regulate substance abuse coherently, according to a prospective study by Crookes (2018). There is an evident linkage between spiritual dimensions towards associative addiction and recurrent management practices to control addiction.
The empirical analysis of positive psychology through wellbeing, positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning and achievement can also implicitly identify causes of subsequent addictive behaviours. Identifiable causes may include the pursuit of relieving negative emotional pressure through alcoholism. Peer influence through the persuasive judgement of substance abuse as a pleasurable activity, Environmental or societal factors that may collaborate in the formulation of behaviour through adaptation (Biondi,2019). For example, a family of workplace smoking can influence a habitual addictive nature. The causal agents are also subjective to many addictive behaviours about positive psychology.

Positive Psychology

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