The Privacy Rule, a Federal statute, grants you rights to your health information and establishes rules and restrictions on who can access and receive it. The Privacy Rule applies to all types of protected health information held by persons, whether electronic, written, or spoken.
Who Is Required to Obey These Laws?
The entities that must comply with HIPAA standards are referred to as “covered entities.”
Entities that are covered include:
- Health insurance companies, HMOs, business health plans, and some government programs that pay for health care, such as Medicare and Medicaid, are examples of health plans.
- Most Health Care Providers, which include physicians, clinics, hospitals, psychologists, chiropractors, nursing homes, pharmacies, and dentists, perform certain businesses online, such as electronically invoicing your health insurance.
- Health Care Clearinghouses—entities that convert nonstandard health information received from another institution into a standard (for example, standard electronic format or data content), or vice versa.
HCA 322 Week 2 Discussion 1, Option 3: Patient Rights and Privacy