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Nutrition as the Major Cause of Obesity

Nutrition as the Major Cause of Obesity

Nutrition as the Major Cause of Obesity

QUESTION
Is nutrition the major cause of obesity
Nutrition as the Major Cause of Obesity

ANSWER
Nutrition as the Major Cause of Obesity

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Abstract
Obesity can be defined as accumulation of fat excessiveness in the body that exhibit health risks. The purpose of this present review was to explore on the subject matter of whether nutrition is what leads to obesity. The argument of study focused on varying bibliography reviews on the same subject. Majority of the researcher’s reviews indicated and illustrated that despite the fact that there exists other reason that may lead to obesity: Overeating of diets in high fat significantly contributed to weight gain.
Key words: Obesity, diet quality, dietary patterns

Nutrition as the Major Cause of Obesity
Yeh, J., Kushner, R., & Schiff, G. (2016). Obesity and Management of Weight Loss. New
England Journal of Medicine, 375(12), 1187-1189. doi: 10.1056/nejmclde1515935
The research focuses on two classes of weight loss; one includes use of medication while the other criticizes uncertainty of the healthy nature of the same medication. Both arguments provide valid reasons for and against implementing medication for weight loss. The article also gives clear insight on obese people that attempt to use such medication with anticipation of losing weight. This discussion factors on nutrition as it suggests meals that patients who desire weight loss can take, therefore supporting that nutrition could be an obesity contributor.

Apovian, C. (2016). The Obesity Epidemic — Understanding the Disease and the Treatment. New England Journal Of Medicine, 374(2), 177-179. doi: 10.1056/nejme1514957
The article examines the high rising rates of obesity cases in United States. It reveals that management of obesity has proven to be a difficult matter especially among children and adolescents. It therefore resolves on finding a suitable treatment methodology. This research shows the seriousness involved in resolving obesity issues in the state.

Aslibekyan, S., & Garvey, W. (2017). Obesity and cardiometabolic disease — more than meets the eye. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 13(10), 566-568. doi: 10.1038/nrendo.2017.112
Based on Mendelian Randomization Studies, this literature review aims at showing the relationship between cardio metabolic diseases and obesity. It negates that obesity is what causes type 2 diabetes mellitus. The fact that this has been a research matter over the years, causes people to ponder on their health matters, which is inclusive of monitoring their diet patterns. I find this review of importance as it adds weights to nutrition being a major cause of obesity.
Sangsefidi, Z., & Hosseinzadeh, M. (2020). Obesity and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID- 19). Journal Of Nutrition And Food Security. doi: 10.18502/jnfs.v5i4.4429
(Sangsefidi & Hosseinzadeh, 2020) in a recent article, examined on the disparities in nutrition that are brought about by education, socioeconomic and environmental difficulties among underprivileged communities. It states that people, who lack basic needs such as food, end up settling for low cost meals that basically are processed meals.
This in turn affects peoples body mass index, as in some cases people are found to be overweight while those that have food insecurities end up with underweight issues. The article indicates in clarity that health disparities in nutrition correlate with obesity.
Cole, S. (2017). Epigenetic Studies of Perinatal Determinants of Later Obesity Link important, but Previously Unrelated, Genetic and Epidemiological Findings. Biomedicine, 20,16. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.05.004
This is a literature review in regard to showing obesity as a condition that can be inherited genetically. The article discusses in depth, how obesity can be as a result of interplay of genes in the body. According to articles conclusion, it is evident that obesity can be inherent as opposed to just being cause by nutrition. The review supports its argument by giving us three classes of genetic obesity, namely: Syndromic obesity, polygenic obesity and monogenic causes.
Stevens, J. (2017). Obesity as a Disease: Why Ignore the Numbers?. Obesity, 25(9), 1467-1467. doi: 10.1002/oby.21923
The article brings to our attention the rapidly increasing cases of obesity. It agrees that poor diet may lead to obesity but continues to state that obesity is also cause by environmental factors. The article argues that Physical activity such as cardio body work outs should be incorporated as treatment of excess body fat. (Stevens, 2017) brings a different idea to our argument, it leads us towards reflecting more on the environmental issues that cause obesity and also focusing on the outcome of physical exercises.
Fuchs, F., Senat, M., Rey, E., Balayla, J., Chaillet, N., Bouyer, J., & Audibert, F. (2017). Impact of maternal obesity on the incidence of pregnancy complications in France and Canada. Scientific Reports, 7(1). doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-11432-5
Fuchs et al. used Prospective comparative Cohort Study to research on the impact of maternal obesity on medical complications during pregnancy period, maternal obesity is the term given to define the weight accumulated by a pregnant woman during her pregnancy term. The article used its method by collecting Canadian and French data to compare where the impact was higher between the two cohorts. This article stresses on the negative outcomes that obesity has on pregnant women, thus admonishing the public health departments to insist that expectant mothers take the right diet quality.
Haro, C., García‐Carpintero, S., Rangel‐Zúñiga, O., Alcalá‐Díaz, J., Landa, B., & Clemente, J. et al. (2017). Consumption of Two Healthy Dietary Patterns Restored Microbiota Dysbiosis in Obese Patients with Metabolic Dysfunction. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 61(12), 1700300. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201700300
Reviewed studies by (Haro et al., 2017) add weight to our paper as it centers it research on the intake of two particular diets that have been found to be of help to obese patients. The two diets in question, being Low fat and Mediterranean work towards restoring microbion dysbiosis in patients with overweight and underweight patients. The medication usually comprises of a set of nutrition as diagnosed by the medics.

Reference
Apovian, C. (2016). The Obesity Epidemic — Understanding the Disease and the Treatment. New England Journal Of Medicine, 374(2), 177-179. doi: 10.1056/nejme1514957
Aslibekyan, S., & Garvey, W. (2017). Obesity and cardiometabolic disease — more than meets the eye. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 13(10), 566-568. doi: 10.1038/nrendo.2017.112
but Previously Unrelated, Genetic and Epidemiological Findings. Ebiomedicine, 20,16. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.05.004
Cole, S. (2017). Epigenetic Studies of Perinatal Determinants of Later Obesity Link Important, but Previously Unrelated, Genetic and Epidemiological Findings. Ebiomedicine, 20,16. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.05.004
Fuchs, F., Senat, M., Rey, E., Balayla, J., Chaillet, N., Bouyer, J., & Audibert, F. (2017). Impact of maternal obesity on the incidence of pregnancy complications in France and Canada. Scientific Reports, 7(1). doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-11432-5
Haro, C., García‐Carpintero, S., Rangel‐Zúñiga, O., Alcalá‐Díaz, J., Landa, B., & Clemente, J. (2017). Consumption of Two Healthy Dietary Patterns Restored Microbiota Dysbiosis in Obese Patients with Metabolic Dysfunction. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 61(12), 1700300. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201700300
Stevens, J. (2017). Obesity as a Disease: Why Ignore the Numbers?. Obesity, 25(9), 1467-1467.
Yeh, J., Kushner, R., & Schiff, G. (2016). Obesity and Management of Weight Loss. New

Nutrition as the Major Cause of Obesity

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