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Emergency prepareness and Disaster management

Emergency prepareness and Disaster management

Emergency prepareness and Disaster management
QUESTION
Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Reflect on this natural disaster by answering the following questions:

Propose one example of a nursing intervention related to the disaster from each of the following levels: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Provide innovative examples that have not been discussed by previous students.
Under which phase of the disaster do the three proposed interventions fall? Explain why you chose that phase.
With what people or agencies would you work in facilitating the proposed interventions and why?
Emergency prepareness and Disaster management

ANSWER
The videos provide practitioner accounts/journal entries from the medical mission team dispatched to Haiti following the earthquake disaster in 2010. Due to delays, there was a considerable loss of staff to care for the disaster-affected population. Transportation problems also restricted medical supplies for days, therefore, relied on the minimal provision of IV fluids and Antibiotics. Health organizations in the hospitals were poor as essential equipment and resources were either lacking or supplies scattered unevenly (Mission Trip, 2010). The extent of the disaster overwhelmed the medical teams due to the minimal lack of medical resources and the overcrowding of health centers. The emotional toll due to the loss of families and homes was hard to endure for both providers and victims of the disaster. Therefore, psychosocial and spiritual care was essential to reduce the pain and suffering due to the disaster.
Primary prevention care essential for disaster management involves the prevention of diseases by eliminating exposure risk factors. The prevention is conducted by identifying, characterizing, monitoring, and avoiding exposure to health risks through monitoring and forecasting outcomes, making dosages to cater for the affected. An example of a primary intervention practice for earthquake disasters in Haiti is the education and identification of safe evacuation zones to prevent the tremendous loss of life and medical readiness for health centers to cater to future disasters.
Secondary Prevention for disaster management reduces risks of diseases from an existing state of exposure. The intervention revolves around emergency response systems such as the mass casualty response and the disease controls for victims. The response is a short-term basis for treatment to offer relief, reducing health impacts. The interventions may be offering painkillers to the injured and treating their wounds. The prevention measure should utilize minimal resources to relocate them to major health cases.
Tertiary Prevention in disaster management progressively avoids the progressiveness of major health issues of disabilities, major diseases that affect mortality. The prevention includes measures to reduce vulnerability in the population through curative, rehabilitative communication and social service to prevent death and disability. Rehabilitation and recovery follow the emergency phase in response to maximize the efficiency of the interventions. The practice can be achieved by using skilled providers such as surgeons and essential medical supplies to treat injuries and diseases.
The major concern arises in secondary prevention as sanitation, and medical supply is limited for the disaster-affected population. The phase is difficult for providers as they have to care for an extensive field of patients suffering either physically or emotionally. Emergency response Agencies such as the red cross are important in disaster management as volunteers actively help prevent and alleviate disasters by caring for populations. The organization is also well medical trained to assist in interventions.

Emergency prepareness and Disaster management

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