Cancer Of The Female Reproductive Tract
Cancer is a disorder in which the body’s cells proliferate uncontrollably. Gynecologic cancer occurs when cancer begins in a woman’s reproductive organs. Cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancer are the five most common kinds of gynecologic cancer. Gynecologic malignancies can spread in several ways, including Invade surrounding tissues and organs directly Spread (metastasize) to distant sections of the body via lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes (lymphatic system) or bloodstream. Diagnosis Periodic pelvic exams Biopsy Regular pelvic examinations and screening for some gynecologic cancers, particularly cancer of the cervix, can help detect these tumors early. The Papanicolaou (Pap) and HPV tests are used to screen for cervical cancer. Such tests can occasionally prevent cancer by detecting precancerous alterations (dysplasia) before they become malignancies. Regular pelvic exams can help detect vaginal and vulvar malignancies. Cancers of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes, on the other hand, are difficult for doctors to identify during a pelvic examination. A biopsy can confirm or rule out cancer if it is suspected. A sample of tissue from the afflicted organ is taken, examined, and studied under a microscope. Surgery is generally required to diagnose some tumors, such as ovarian cancer.